||Characteristics of Active Component AccessionsDuring FY 1998, 180,031 Active Component non-prior service recruits (individuals who had not previously served
in the military) and 5,508 prior service recruits (individuals with military experience) shipped to recruit training centers (Table 2.3). This does not include individuals who entered the DEP in FY 1998 but had
not been sent to basic training by September 30, 1998, nor does it include Reserve Component recruits (see Chapter 5 for Reserve Component enlisted accession data).
In the Active Component, 97 percent of accessions have never served in the military before. The small number of prior service accessions enlisting in FY 1998 are older
and more likely to be married than their NPS counterparts. Prior service recruits more closely resemble the Active Component enlisted force—in terms of age and
marital status—from which most of them came. In terms of other characteristics, they are similar to their non-prior service counterparts. Additional statistics on prior
service accession characteristics (e.g., race/ethnicity, education levels, and AFQT scores) are contained in Appendix B, Tables B-13 through B-22. The remainder of this section examines a number of sociodemographic characteristics of FY 1998 NPS recruits, and compares them with the 18- to 24-year-old civilian
non-institutionalized U.S. population.The proportion of accessions to applicants over FYs 1976–1998 is tracked in Figure
2.1. This ratio provides an index of the recruiting market. In the earlier years, recruiters sent far more applicants to MEPSs for processing to achieve recruiting
objectives. In FY 1981, more than 800,000 applicants were processed through MEPSs to access approximately 301,000 new recruits, a 38 percent
accession-to-applicant ratio. In the early 1980s, the Services implemented a series of management initiatives designed to emphasize quality and
reduce overhead costs. Recruiting management objectives and award systems were changed to emphasize types of applicants (e.g., high school diploma graduates, Category IIIA and higher) in
contrast to achieving purely numerical goals; enlistment screening tests were devised to estimate ASVAB performance prior to sending an individual to a test site.
Figure 2.1. Number of accessions and applicants with ratio of accessions to applicants, FYs 1976–
1998. Over the last decade, recruiters have expended great effort in screening prospects. For most years, progressively fewer prospects were sent to MEPSs. In FY 1998,
approximately 347,000 applicants were processed through MEPSs to access 180,000 new recruits, a 52 percent ratio of accessions to applicants, breaking the 50 percent mark for the first time in 4 years.Go to Next
|Table 2.3. FY 1998 Active Component Non-Prior Service (NPS) and
Prior Service Enlisted Accessions
Percent of Service Total
|Also see Appendix Tables B-13 through B-22 (Prior Service Accessions).