SELECTED RESERVE OFFICER ACCESSIONS AND OFFICER CORPS
Source of Commission. Each Reserve Component applies its own selection procedures for officer candidates. Many officers who transfer from an Active Component already possess at least a college degree. Officer candidates who do not have a degree undergo rigorous selection procedures and must successfully complete an officer candidate or training school. Forty-one percent of Army Reserve officer accessions were commissioned through the Reserve Officer Training Corps (ROTC). Thirty-six percent of ARNG officer accessions were also commissioned through ROTC.
Table 6.6 shows the sources of commission that each of the Reserve Components most frequently use. The USNR, USAFR and USAR use direct appointment as a source of commission more than the other Components. In fact, the USNR and USAFR use direct appointment as their largest source of commissions. The overwhelming majority of USMCR officer accessions (76 percent) obtained their commissions through OCS or the Marine Corps Platoon Leader Class (PLC). PLC is a split-training program in which candidates normally attend officer training in the summers after their junior and senior years of college. The Army components rely heavily on ROTC, primarily without scholarships, and the ANG uses other programs as their main source of commission. [Footnote 2]
[Footnote 2] For Reserve
Component commissioned officer accessions, "other" sources of
commission are defined as: Merchant Marine Academy, Aviation Cadet, and
Aviation Training Program. [back to paragraph]