|| During FY 1997, 188,895 Active Component non-prior service recruits (individuals who had not
previously served in the military) and 6,828 prior service recruits (individuals with military experience) shipped to recruit training centers (Table 2.3). This does not include individuals who entered the DEP in
FY 1997 but had not been sent to basic training by September 30, 1997, nor does it include Reserve Component recruits (see Chapter 5 for Reserve Component enlisted accession data). In the Active Component, more than 96 percent of
accessions have never served in the military before. The small number of prior service accessions enlisting in FY 1997 are older and more likely to be married than their NPS counterparts. Prior service
recruits more closely resemble the Active Component enlisted force--in terms of age and marital status--from which most of them came. In terms of other characteristics, they are similar to their non-prior service
counterparts. Additional statistics on prior service accession characteristics (e.g., race/ethnicity, education levels, and AFQT scores) are contained in Appendix B, Tables B-13
The remainder of this section examines a number of sociodemographic characteristics of FY 1997 NPS recruits, and compares them with the 18- to 24-year-old civilian non-institutionalized U.S. population.
The proportion of accessions-to-applicants over FYs 1976-1997 is tracked in Figure 2.1. This
ratio provides an index of the recruiting market. In the earlier years, recruiters sent far more applicants to MEPSs for processing to achieve recruiting objectives. In FY 1981, more than
800,000 applicants were processed through MEPSs to access approximately 301,000 new recruits, a 38 percent accession-to-applicant ratio. In the early 1980s, the Services implemented
a series of management initiatives designed to emphasize quality and reduce overhead costs. Recruiting management objectives and award systems were changed to emphasize types of
applicants (e.g., high school diploma graduates, Category IIIA and higher) in contrast to achieving purely numerical goals; enlistment screening tests were devised to estimate ASVAB
performance prior to sending an individual to a test site. Over the last decade, recruiters have expended great effort in screening prospects. For most
years, progressively fewer prospects were sent to MEPSs. In FY 1997, approximately 392,000 applicants were processed through MEPSs to access 189,000 new recruits, a 48 percent ratio of accessions-to-applicants.
|Table 2.3. FY 1997 Active Component Non-Prior Service (NPS) and
Prior Service Enlisted Accessions
||Non-Prior Service Percent of Service Total
|Also see Appendix Tables B-13
through B-22 (Prior Service Accessions).
Figure 2.1. Number of accessions and applicants with ratio of accessions-to-applicants, FYs 1976-1997. Go to Age