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Russian Approaches to Competition
/reports/2021/10/russian-approaches-to-competition
Russian strategy is best characterized as offensive, seeking to revise the status quo, resulting in an activist foreign policy. The strategy does not eschew selective engagement in areas of mutual interest, but it is not premised on accommodation, concessions, or acceptance of the current balance of power. Instead, it emphasizes building the military means necessary for direct competition, and using them to enable indirect approaches for pursuing state objectives. Direct means range from conventional and nuclear force modernization, expansion of force structure in the European theater, exercises, brinksmanship, and use of force to attain vital interests. They deter US responses, threaten escalation, and create freedom of maneuver for Russian foreign policy. These are principally ways of compressing the opponent, and focusing on the main theater in the competition, which for Moscow is Europe. Indirect means in turn include military deployments abroad to peripheral theaters, covert action, use of proxies and mercenary groups, political warfare and information confrontation. These instruments are interrelated, with direct approaches, tied closely to military capability or classical forms of deterrence, enabling the indirect approach, which is the principal way by which Moscow pursues political aims. The logic of Russian strategy is that absent the ability to generate strong economic or technological means, Moscow is best served with approaches that reduce US performance by disorganizing its opponent's efforts, reducing cohesion, and employing asymmetric means in the competition.
Russian Approaches to Competition Russian Approaches to Competition Russian strategy is best characterized as offensive, seeking to revise the status quo, resulting in an activist foreign policy ... of maneuver for Russian foreign policy. These are principally ways of compressing the opponent, and focusing on the main theater in the competition, which for Moscow is Europe. Indirect means in turn ... emergent. Russian elites are often portrayed as opportunistic, yet this speaks more to the activist and revisionist characteristics of Russian foreign policy. Leaders use defined political objectives
ai and autonomy in russia: Special Issue, September 8, 2022
/our-media/newsletters/ai-and-autonomy-in-russia/special-issue
September 8, 2022 issue features translations of several Russian military journal articles that reflect on the use of AI and autonomy. All have been written since the Russian invasion of Ukraine.
of world elites in this way is aimed at solving the main task of their foreign policy—the elimination of competitive states that are gaining political and economic weight. All this represents the messianism of US foreign policy, the goal of which is complete domination in the world. At the same time, the main focus is on the use of destabilizing factors in the interests of artificially creating ... and economic interests of various states in the context of the struggle for resources and geopolitical dominance in strategically important regions of the world. The formation of military policy aimed
intersections: Issue 2, January 2023
/our-media/newsletters/intersections/issue-2
Intersections is a news digest published by CNA’s China and Indo-Pacific Security Affairs Division, to provide updates on technology acquisition efforts by the PRC, U.S. government responses to those efforts, ally and partner technology protection policies, and technology transfer risks for the defense industrial base.
documented a wide range of legal and illegal techniques to acquire foreign technologies that the PRC uses to achieve its national security objectives and build military capabilities. This issue ... restricts the export of advanced semiconductors and chip-making equipment by both US firms and persons and by foreign entities that use US equipment or technology in their processes. Definitions ... are evaluating how the rule will affect their interests and how to respond. In the weeks since the rule was announced, the US has taken a number of additional policy actions related to export controls
ai and autonomy in russia: Issue 41, June 27, 2022
/our-media/newsletters/ai-and-autonomy-in-russia/issue-41-a
is to increase the number of Moscow exporters and implement projects for the effective development of their foreign economic activity. KamAZ looking to sell unmanned mining trucks to BRICS and CIS countries I ... technical sovereignty and public, economic, and military-political sovereignty. These types of sovereignty are all intertwined, and the improvement of one will inherently affect the others ... . Petersburg International Economic Forum (SPIEF), available online, and assured them that the 2020s will be a decade of prosperity and economic sovereignty. Achievement of economic sovereignty
ai and autonomy in russia: Issue 37, May 2, 2022
/our-media/newsletters/ai-and-autonomy-in-russia/issue-37
the Russian economy will fail and instead have created a historical ‘space of opportunities’ for Russian development. According to Mishustin, the economic growth during the pandemic has well prepared Russian ... and other benefits to IT professionals and students. He assured that, overall, Russia remains on path to economic sovereignty, especially with the current task of achieving complete scientific and technological independence, and remains open to constructive dialogue with foreign companies to cooperate if they must leave the country. RUSSIAN GOVERNMENT TO SPONSOR CREATION OF 30 DOMESTIC ENGINEERING
ai and autonomy in russia: Issue 44, August 25, 2022
/our-media/newsletters/ai-and-autonomy-in-russia/issue-44
foreign cloud services for business,” which means that fewer sudden cutoffs of primary operations have occurred. This is partly a result of explicit policy by Roskomnadzor, which has blocked the work ... and progress of Russian digital technologies since the halt of foreign cooperation with Russia. In his speech, Putin noted the “moderate” successes by Rostec, Rosatom, Sberbank, and Russian Railways ... in tech firms and an increase in the upper threshold of the market capitalization of issuers that may be present in the ‘growth sector.’” Finally, Putin affirmed that Russia will not let foreign
intersections: Issue 1, November 2022
/our-media/newsletters/intersections/issue-1
Intersections is a news digest published by CNA’s China and Indo-Pacific Security Affairs Division, to provide updates on technology acquisition efforts by the PRC, U.S. government responses to those efforts, ally and partner technology protection policies, and technology transfer risks for the defense industrial base.
by the PRC's actions. CNA has documented a wide range of legal and illegal techniques to acquire foreign technologies that the PRC uses to achieve its national security objectives and build military ... identification of its critical and emerging technologies. Technology Transfer to the PRC This section highlights recent examples of methods that the PRC uses to access foreign technology, including ... University, a Chinese military research institution on the US Entity List. The US Entity List imposes trade restrictions on foreign persons, businesses, research institutions, governments, or private
The Great Peace and Development Debate of 1999
/reports/2000/the-great-peace-and-development-debate-of-1999
This paper explores the context, conduct, results, and implications of what we might call “The Great Peace & Development Debate of 1999.”
an academic or theoretical exercise. The new “line” that resulted has implications for Chinese domestic policies, foreign policies, and defense policies. For Chinese domestic policy, the results ... policy, the new assessment of the international security environment will likely result in: The pursuit of closer ties with Russia for political, economic, and security reasons. Increasing ... and economic reasons. For Chinese defense policy, the debate resulted in a general consensus that defense modernization and national defense deserves greater attention than in the past. Defense
pla update: Issue 3, April 4, 2022
/our-media/newsletters/pla-update/issue-3
A monthly newsletter focused on the internal and external affairs of the PLA
security situation. The author, Zhang Tuosheng , is currently the director of research at the non-governmental Grandview Institution, the director of the Center for Foreign Policy Studies ... with a laser in Australia's exclusive economic zone. [46] The PRC MND and Ministry of Foreign Affairs spokespersons both rejected Australia's account of the encounter and described the PLA ... the world focus their attention on the events unfolding in Ukraine, the 13th NPC reviewed the PRC government's work in all areas of national concern during 2021 and set policy priorities and guidance
pla update: Issue 4, May 2, 2022
/our-media/newsletters/pla-update/issue-4
A monthly newsletter focused on the internal and external affairs of the PLA
conscription cycle. For the second consecutive year, the PLA is following a semiannual conscription and demobilization policy. [2] This new conscription cycle, which was first announced in 2020 ... the military policy system. [17] (For more on the Third Big Campaign and the state of PLA reform, see David Finkelstein's September 2021 report The PLA's New Joint Doctrine: The Capstone ... summary. New Policy Seeks to Retain High-Demand PLA NCOs Brian Waidelich In late 2021, the PLA began implementing a military-wide policy aimed at retaining NCOs with critically needed