Civil affairs (CA) forces will operate increasingly in the "New Normal" environment, a period of instability and low-level conflict where maintaining persistent engagement with partners and allies will be critical to deterring and managing conflict and unrest. In this new environment, CA forces play a critical role in conflict prevention and in addressing the root causes of conflict. When crises do arise, CA forces can leverage the influence they have built in an area via a minimal footprint approach and blend with crisis response forces where necessary. Highlighting earlier work on civil affairs that CNA has conducted for the U.S. Navy and U.S. Marine Corps, this occasional paper explores challenges and opportunities for the joint CA force to conduct civil-military operations in the "New Normal" and charts a way ahead for the CA community to operate in this new environment.
This occasional paper describes the outcome of a one-day event at CNA involving world-class experts on Russia, its military, and its actions in Crimea and Ukraine, as well as numerous Marines from a variety of U.S. Marine Corps (USMC) commands. While we see it as unlikely that U.S. Marines will directly confront Russian Federation forces in the near future, other nations and non-state actors who are potential U.S. adversaries (and who Marines may face on the battlefield) are closely observing Russia’s use of ambiguous warfare and will likely modify their own strategy and tactics as a result. Therefore, in this report we discuss the lessons from Crimea and Ukraine, how other adversaries might militarily adapt as a result of Russia’s success, and how the USMC should be thinking about its future acquisitions, tactics, training, and operations as a result.
This study is designed to help the U.S. Army think about how best to meet U.S. national security objectives and fully complement the joint force, the U.S. interagency, and allies and partners in the Asia-Pacific region. The paper analyzes the changing regional security environment, discusses key implications for the U.S. Army, and identifies key challenges and opportunities that the U.S. Army should consider as it reassesses its role in the region. It concludes by offering actionable recommendations for both Army operational forces and its institutional organizations.
With the movement toward evidence-based policing, police agencies have delivered their resources to the concentrated geographic areas that experience the highest levels of violent crime, in some cases angering community residents while in the pursuit of one of their most important missions—protecting community members from violence. This apparent dilemma—aggressive pursuit of public safety that angers residents in communities at the greatest risk of harm—prompted CNA to convene an executive session on March 31, 2015 in Arlington, VA, titled Engaging Communities of Color in Positive Policing.
This book has two main objectives. The first is to analyze evolving perceptions by China’s national security community of Chinese national security interests and the potential threats to those interests. The second is to examine the challenges that China’s emerging security concerns are creating for the People's Liberation Army, and how these challenges are shaping its roles, missions, and activities.