This conference explored what China leadership means when it calls for China to become a “maritime power.” At both the 18th Communist Party Congress (CPC) in November 2012, the National People’s Congress (NPC) in March 2013, and most recently in the 2015 Defense White Paper cited above, China’s leadership made a point of calling for China to become a “maritime power.”
China's leadership does not claim that China is a maritime power today, but has established this as an important aspirational goal for the country. The conference addressed how China defines maritime power (comprehensively) and assessed the various facets of China’s current “maritime power.” The conference confirmed that China is already world-class status in some areas including its fishing fleet, merchant marine, and shipbuilding base. At issue was the situation in other facets of maritime power, such as the navy and coast guard, where China is improving its capability.
Finally, the conference explored the implications of China as a maritime power, as China itself defines it, for the United States, for Asia, and for the rest of the world. A final report of this project will be forthcoming.
- Haiyang Qiangguo: China as a Maritime Power by Thomas Bickford, Ph.D.
- China’s Fishing Industry: Current Status, Government Policies, and Future Prospects by Zhang Hongzhou
- China’s Maritime Militia by Andrew S. Erickson and Conor M. Kennedy
- China’s Maritime Rights and Interests: Organizing To Become A Maritime Power by Isaac B. Kardon
- China’s Merchant Marine by Dennis J. Blasko
- From Words to Actions: The Creation of the China Coast Guard by Ryan D. Martinson
- Laying a Foundation for Ambition at Sea: The Role of the PLA (N) in China’s Goal of Becoming a Maritime Power by Alan Burns
- China’s Far Sea’s Navy: The Implications of the "Open Seas Protection" Mission by Michael McDevitt
- The Maritime Silk Road and the PLA by Morgan Clemens