News and Information

The experts at CNA are often asked to comment on issues in the news. The views expressed in these articles are their own.

2019 News Archive

  • June 14, 2019

    Michael Kofman provides expertise on the Gulf tanker attacks, saying that the maritime areas where civil navigation is at risk are protected by international groups involving naval ships from various countries.

    TASS: "Press Review: Who's Behind the Gulf Tanker Attacks and Serbia Could Send Troops to Kosovo"

  • June 11, 2019

    Ken Gause says, "I expect that Kim will move slowly in terms of testing of critical defense systems in order to try to avoid passing a threshold of no return with the U.S."

    The Japan Times: One Year After Singapore Summit, Hopes Fading for Progress in U.S.-North Korea Nuclear Talks

  • June 11, 2019

    Samuel Bendett says, "No direct Russian military interest in this UAV yet, but ARF designs and work is always of interest to the MOD, so we should expect some kind of military trial in 2020 when it takes to the air."

    C4ISRNET: "This Russian Cyclocopter Drone Design Was 110 Years in the Making"

  • June 7, 2019

    Jeffrey Edmonds says, "[Russia] have consistently had this behavior to just try to get in the way to be noticed, it's to create a problem and then offer to fix it, or create a problem and try to make it look like it's our fault. But in a sense it's kind of a great power temper tantrum."

    Washington Post: Near-Collision Between U.S. and Russian Warships in Pacific Requires Emergency Maneuvers

  • June 2, 2019

    Nilanthi Samaranayake says, "These countries will be looking to Prime Minister Modi to deliver on outstanding bilateral issues, such as finally signing the Teesta River accord with Bangladesh and resolving fishing disputes with Sri Lanka."

    Nikkei Asian Review: "Modi Eyes Fiercer Rivalry with China over Neighbors in Second Term"

  • June 2, 2019

    Samuel Bendett says, "Its speed [up to 620 miles per hour] and weight — up to 20 tons — means that a host of aerodynamic, electronic and high-tech issues need to be worked out."

    The National Interest: "This Russia Drone Looks like a Stealth B-2 Bomber (A Test Flight Is Coming Soon)"

  • May 31, 2019

    Michael Kofman says, "Ground forces have to deal with it all the time because they can lose access to communications and systems of navigation."

    Al-Monitor: "After Syria, Pentagon Ramps up Electronic Warfare Efforts"

  • May 29, 2019

    Michael Kofman says, "Russia inherited a large percentage of the Soviet Union's navy with a tiny fraction of its budget."

    The Intercept: "Sinking of Russian Nuclear Submarine Known to West Much Earlier Than Stated, NSA Document Indicates"

  • May 29, 2019

    Zack Gold says, "Importantly, but unlikely, the transfer of Ashmawy to Egypt could reveal details about a number of terrorist attacks in Egypt from 2013 onward."

    Yahoo: "Egypt Jihadist Returned from Libya to Face Terror Charges"

  • May 28, 2019

    Samuel Bendett says, "One of the main sticking points for the Russian government was the fact that imported operating systems had vulnerabilities and back doors that Moscow thought could be exploited by international intelligence agencies."

    Defense One: "Russia's Would-Be Windows Replacement Gets a Security Upgrade"

  • May 21, 2019

    According to the CNA Hudson Institute: "Transcript: The Rise of China's Navy: A Discussion with Capt. James Fanell"

    report, China's Presence in the Middle East and Western Indian Ocean: Beyond Belt and Road, "The mission of defending Chinese people and assets abroad is one of the new historic missions driving the PLA navy's expansion throughout the Middle East and Western Indian Ocean."

    Hudson Institute: "Transcript: The Rise of China's Navy: A Discussion with Capt. James Fanell"

  • May 21, 2019

    According to the CNA report, SOF and the Future of Global Competition, "It is essential that practitioners define and implement the most effective methods of promoting the American narrative around the world — and ensure that it has a greater integrity and resonance than its competitors' messages."

    National Defense Magazine: "News from SOFIC: Report: Special Operations Command Must Take Lead in Information Warfare"

  • May 21, 2019

    Samuel Bendett says, "At this point, it is going to be heaviest and fastest UAV [in Russian service] if and when fielded, but additional testing and evaluation will have to take place in order for this unmanned system to be fully functional."

    National Interest: "Russia's New Stealth Drone Looks like a B-2 Stealth Bomber. But Can It Fight?"

  • May 21, 2019

    Samuel Bendett says, "Judging by the 'urban' purpose of this UAV, Russian military and security agency have a need for a technology that incapacitates the adversary either for capturing or for simply flushing him out of hiding."

    C4ISRNET: "Are Nonlethal Laser Drones the New Stun Guns?"

  • May 16, 2019

    According to the CNA report, Nuclear Arms Control Without a Treaty? Risks and Options After New START, "Without New START's cooperative transparency practices, the U.S. intelligence community would likely devote more resources to monitoring Russian strategic nuclear forces but have less insight and less confidence in its analytical judgements."

    Defense One: "Nuclear Weapons Are Getting Less Predictable, and More Dangerous"

  • May 16, 2019

    Michael Kofman says, "Russian nuclear strategy has a firm place for scalable employment of nuclear weapons, for demonstration, escalation management, warfighting, and war termination if need be."

    Defense One: "Nuclear Weapons Are Getting Less Predictable, and More Dangerous"

  • May 14, 2019

    Mark Rosen says, "The United States needs to perhaps take a leading role in trying to address the concerns of the displaced Chagossians and work with the Mauritian government to try and come up with a reasonable accommodation."

    Al Jazeera English: "Did the U.K. Steal the Chagos Islands?"

  • May 13, 2019

    Samuel Bendett says that the Russian military is "incorporating the lessons learned from that [Uran-9 vehicles] failure into the future generation of ground vehicles."

    Harvard Political Review: "The Modern Pen and the AI Sword"

  • May 13, 2019

    Scott Truver says, "They're [mines] very insidious. Once they're put in the water, they're very hard to detect and hard to defeat."

    Washington Post: "Pompeo Crashes Brussels Meeting of E.U. Diplomats but Changes Few Minds on Iran"

  • May 10, 2019

    Samuel Bendett says, "The advantage in using hydrogen-powered UAV is that it can operate without additional logistics or fuel infrastructure — the users simply pour water into fuel cartridge, and the resulting reaction releases hydrogen that can power this UAV for several hours."

    C4ISRNET: "Will the Russian Army Buy Hydrogen Fuel Cell Drones?"

  • May 6, 2019

    According to the CNA report, Unconstrained Foreign Direct Investment: An Emerging Challenge to Arctic Security, "Beijing has pumped an estimated $1.4 trillion in investments into Arctic nations, including Finland and Sweden, from 2005 to 2017."

    The Epoch Times: "U.S. Countering China and Russia in Arctic"

  • April 26, 2019

    Michael Kofman says, "Waving about carriers is a standard attempt at bolstering coercive credibility, but it is of limited utility when dealing with a continental land power."

    Military Times: "U.S. Rolls '100K Tons of International Diplomacy' into the Med. Will Russia Get the Message?"

  • April 25, 2019

    Nilanthi Samaranayake writes that, "Countries whose leaders pursue infrastructure through debt financing have responsibility for those decisions and for sustainable economic policies."

    Tribune 242: "Stateside: Careful Picking Friends When Times Are Tough"

  • April 24, 2019

    Michael Connell says that it is unlikely Iran will close the Strait of Hormuz because, "To do so would give the United States, its coalition allies, and its Gulf partners a casus belli and lead to war, which would undoubtedly end badly for Iran, although everyone involved would suffer consequences."

    BBC: "Iran Oil Waivers: Is It About to Become More Expensive to Fill My Car?"

  • April 24, 2019

    Michael Kofman says, "In spite of the provocative airborne and maritime activity concentrated in the area, the Russian forces built here are primarily defensive and aging."

    EuroZprvy: "Conflict with Russia Can Lead to Nuclear War, Experts Warn"

  • April 24, 2019

    Samuel Bendett says, "The Russian government saw what such free information access can do in other countries, and defensive [information operations] is now part of the defense strategy."

    Defense One: "Russians Will Soon Lose Uncensored Access to the Internet"

  • April 23, 2019

    Samuel Bendett says, "This is a 'dumb' rocket that has navigation that lets it hone in on the drone but no explosives — it just rams the UAS in the hope the damage is enough to bring it down."

    C4ISRNET: "If This Rocket Is so 'Dumb,' How Does It Ram Enemy Drones out of the Sky?"

  • April 19, 2019

    The author describes Peter Swartz's long career in service to our nation, "Joining CNA in the early 1990s, Swartz earned a reputation as an expert on Navy strategy, policy, and operations and on military history, organization, and culture."

    Pull Together: "Peter M. Swartz: Using Naval History to Develop Maritime Strategy"

  • April 17, 2019

    According to CNA data on Population Representation in the Military Services, "The Air Force has historically had the highest percentage of female service members among all the branches, but now the Navy is outpacing it, with women making up more than 25% of new enlistees."

    Military.com: "Next CNO Wants to See More Women Getting Promoted to Captain, Admiral"

  • April 17, 2019

    Ken Gause speaks on Kim Jong-un's relationship with his sister Kim Yo-jong, saying, "The blood tie is everything. She is his most trusted adviser. At the end of the day, she is a person that he could rely on in a way that he cannot rely on any other adviser."

    CNN (Transcript): "CNN Newsroom" [03:50:04]

  • April 17, 2019

    Michael Kofman says the Wagner Group operates as, "a sort of public-private partnership between financiers like Prigozhin, and military intelligence, which helps arm, transport, and field these people in support of combat operations."

    BuzzFeed News: "Inside the Shadow War Fought by Russian Mercenaries"

  • April 11, 2019

    Vincent Manzo says, "These treaties help reduce suspicion and fear. They help both countries [The U.S. and Russia] have confidence that they have the forces they need today and out into the future."

    WNPV: "Scientist: Tumultuous Time for Arms Control"

  • April 10, 2019

    As part of the racial bias assessment, "CNA held several community meetings all over Charleston. Almost 300 people – 75 percent of whom were Black – attended and shared their insights, more meetings are planned."

    The Charleston Chronicle: "A Tale of Two Cities: Charleston and North Charleston's Approach to Policing Reform"

  • April 10, 2019

    Samuel Bendett says that Russia is, "being more flexible than ever before, they are taking risks they haven't taken before, and so Syria is a massive laboratory for Russian weapons development and testing."

    Defense & Aerospace Report: "Bendett, Kania & Watley on Chinese, Russian Artificial Intelligence, Autonomy"

  • April 4, 2019

    Ken Gause says North Korea is resorting to "thievery including cyberattacks to bring in funds."

    Voice of America: "U.S. Predicts More North Korea Cyber Heists to Fund WMDs"

  • April 3, 2019

    Michael Kofman says that the Russian military believes that electronic warfare "is part of the answer to U.S. dominance in precision weapons and airspace assault."

    Foreign Policy: "Russia Is Tricking GPS to Protect Putin"

  • April 1, 2019

    According to the CNA report, Nuclear Arms Control Without a Treaty? Risks and Options After New START, "The end of transparency and verification measures could generate mutual worst-case thinking and planning in the United States and Russia on strategic nuclear weapons."

    Carnegie-Tsinghua: "China in a World with No U.S.-Russia Treaty-Based Arms Control"

  • April 1, 2019

    In an article about the CNA study, Nuclear Arms Control Without A Treaty? Risks and Options after New START, Vince Manzo says, "Increased opacity between U.S. and Russian strategic nuclear forces would unfold within the broader context of growing mistrust and diverging perceptions about strategy, intentions, and perceptions."

    Reuters: "Treaty's End Would Give U.S., Russia Impetus to Make More Nukes: Study"

  • April 1, 2019

    Larry Lewis says, "When I was there the US and the UK certainly weren't on the operations floor, not regularly, only by invitation and that was kind of by exception."

    Channel 4 London: "Britain's Hidden War: Channel 4 Dispatches"

  • March 31, 2019

    Jeff Edmonds says, "The Russians have a clear overmatch from there and can overwhelm them quickly."

    The National Interest: "Europe's Worst Nightmare: Here's What a NATO-Russia War Would Look Like"

  • March 31, 2019

    Ken Gause says, "It would suggest to me that the possibility of the U.S. and North Korea interactions may be back on the table at least [through] some sort of back-channel."

    Voice of America: "US, North Korean Officials Cross Paths in Beijing"

  • March 31, 2019

    Michael Kofman says, "Russia's military modernization and force structure expansion had been ignoring the Baltic region until only recently."

    The National Interest: "Europe's Worst Nightmare: Here's What a NATO-Russia War Would Look Like"

  • March 30, 2019

    Michael Kofman says, "It sounds quite unrealistic... the project doesn't make sense given the cost of refitting an SSGN or a ship to a SSGN is often equal to the price of building an entirely new one."

    The National Interest: "Russia's Typhoon Submarines are the Biggest Ever (Now Armed with 200 Cruise Missiles?)"

  • March 30, 2019

    Sam Bendett says, "It may have been [created as] a simple 'stop-gap' measure to help forces against small, cheap" systems.

    The Verge: "Russia's shotgun-firing drone is designed to shoot down enemy drones"

  • March 27, 2019

    Michael Kofman says, "In terms of establishing viable air defenses against opponents with fifth generation aircraft, it's quite clear how Russia is trying to tackle the problem of stealth."

    The National Interest: "Stealth Slayer: How Russia's S-300, S-400 or S-500 Could Shootdown an F-22 Raptor"

  • March 25, 2019

    Denise Rodriguez says, "The community is key. The changes cannot be sustainable if the community isn't part of the process."

    The Post and Courier: "Want to Have a Say in Charleston's Police Racial Bias Audit? Here's How."

  • March 25, 2019

    Michael Kofman says, "Basically, it makes more sense to spend money to bring the Tu-95 and Tu-160 fleets to higher operational readiness."

    The National Interest: "Russia Wants a New Stealth Bomber. It Won't Be Easy to Build for 1 Simple Reason."

  • March 25, 2019

    Samuel Bendett says, "Russians are increasingly deigning VTOL and tilt-rotor UAVs that would not need extensive logistics- or even limited linguistics, like a catapult."

    C4ISRNET: "Watch Russia's Shotgun Drone Shoot down a Model Airplane"

  • March 18, 2019

    Samuel Bendett says the Hunter-B UAV will likely be the "heaviest and fastest UAV [in Russian service] if and when fielded."

    The National Interest: "This Video Might Be the Future of Russia's Army: Armed Ground Robots"

  • March 17, 2019

    Samuel Bendett says, "Russians think that it's important to fight adversary drones not just from the ground via a number of electronic and kinetic countermeasures, but in the air itself."

    C4ISRNET: "Is It a Drone? or Is It a Rifle?"

  • March 14, 2019

    Ken Gause says, "If the South Koreans were able to get some sanctions relief and provide North Korea with some resources, maybe reopening the Gaeseong complex or Mount Geumgang, that could actually lay the path for better negotiations with the United States down the line if we just take a hard line against North Korea, and they go into a shell."

    The Korea Times: "Moon Advised to Play Role as 'Facilitator' in Denuke Talks"

  • March 14, 2019

    Ken Gause says, "There is precedent of intelligence agencies doing this to foreign embassies for [counterintelligence] reasons."

    Yahoo News: "New – and Unlikely – Allegations of Cia Links to North Korean Embassy Attack in Madrid"

  • March 14, 2019

    Samuel Bendett says, "In the near future, Russian soldiers may be able to 'link in' with a [unmanned combat aerial vehicle] to call in a strike — but that's years away at this point."

    C4ISRNET: "Are These the Humble Beginnings of an Iron Man Suit?"

  • March 11, 2019

    Zack Gold says, "Remnants of the group [ISIS] continue to shift around the northeast of the Sinai Peninsula while the military operates more statically."

    Middle East Online: "Egypt Still Fighting Jihadists in Sinai One Year On"

  • March 6, 2019

    Dov S. Zakheim writes, "Training, on the other hand, should no longer be an American mission, either for the military or for contractors. The Europeans may well be more successful in that regard; they could do no worse."

    The Hill: "America Failed in Training Afghan Security Forces - Europe Might Do Better"

  • March 6, 2019

    Larry Lewis says, "The consequences of that are seen in Mosul and Raqqa, where the risk to civilians grew and grew, and there were no adjustments made."

    Washington Post: "Trump Administration Alters Obama-Era Bill on Civilian Casualties in U.S. Airstrikes"

  • March 6, 2019

    Michael McDevitt says, "Between 1950 and 1953, the U.S. Air Force and Navy flattened North Korea, so the NORKS have had 65 years to think about how to make sure that does not happen again and dig lots of bomb proof shelters and tunnels,"

    The National Interest: "Stealth Strike: North Korea vs. America's F-22, F-35 and B-2 Bombers"

  • March 5, 2019

    Michael Kofman says, "They don't really have a lot of other good news stories to talk about in the last two years,"

    Foreign Policy: "Russia's New Missiles Are Aimed at the U.S."

  • March 4, 2019

    Michael Kofman says, "While they may lack the funding, and some of the defense-industrial base, they're keeping abreast of what sort of nextgen capabilities might enter the battlefield."

    The National Interest: "Forget the F-22: Russia's 6th Generation Fighter Will Burn out 'the Eyes' of Missiles"

  • March 4, 2019

    Samuel Bendett says, "This sentiment and development path is in line with recent Russian statement that the country's military is developing AI-powered weapons with the ability to identify and engage targets."

    C4ISRnet: "Russian System Uses Infantry to Spot for Robots"

  • March 4, 2019

    Samuel Bendett writes, "But given the usefulness of supercomputing technology for developing AI and military weapons — two areas of intense interest to leader Vladimir Putin — it will be interesting to track the use of Western technology in future machines."

    Defense One: "Russia's New 'AI Supercomputer' Runs on Western Technology"

  • March 1, 2019

    Maggie Hickey, chosen to oversee the consent decree, says, "We know this is a pivotal time in our city's history and the Schiff Hardin-CNA team looks forward to working with our communities, CPD, the city and the state, Judge Coar, and Judge Dow, to make Chicago a safer city."

    Chicago Sun-Times: "Former Federal Prosecutor Picked to Oversee Chicago Police Consent Decree"

  • March 1, 2019

    Satu Limaye writes, "What the alliance needs now is not new, expanded binding commitments but more explicitly expressed political commitment to the alliance concretely exhibited through the implementation of a range of already agreed alliance activities."

    Philippine Star: "Commentary: A Renegotiated Mutual Defense Treaty Is Neither Simple nor a Panacea for Bilateral Ties"

  • February 28, 2019

    Samuel Bendett says, "Russia will develop its own systems as a result of this export ban, but that may take some time. This announcement also demonstrates that despite the sanctions, the Russian high-tech industry was still able to get what it needed."

    Defense One: "Russia's Pistol-Packing Robot Is Scrambling for Parts"

  • February 26, 2019

    Dov S. Zakheim writes, "Having to face a coalition that includes three respected former generals so fundamentally changed the prime minister's calculus that he had to reach out to a group that hitherto was politically untouchable."

    The Hill: "Bibi Could Win with Risky Gamble, but U.S. and Israel Could Lose"

  • February 26, 2019

    Jeffrey Edmonds and Samuel Bendett write, "Any potential conflict with Moscow will feature a military that is better able to understand, process, and contest the battlespace information environment, posing significant challenges for U.S. and allied forces."

    RealClearDefense: "Russian Battlefield Awareness and Information Dominance: Improved Capabilities and Future Challenges"

  • February 26, 2019

    Jeffrey Edmonds says, "Our differences are not just a matter of personalities and they aren't just the temperament of the day. They are the result of fundamentally different views of how countries should act in the world, conflicting national interests, and how our respective countries define our national priorities."

    Military Simulation and Training Magazine: "The European Defense Environment; Training and Readiness"

  • February 26, 2019

    Ken Gause says some intermediary steps toward a formal peace treaty involve "increasing concessions on both sides to a point when a grand bargain – denuclearization for security and economic guarantees – can take place."

    Voice of America: "Will Trump Offer Peace Declaration as Tradeoff for North Korea's Denuclearization?"

  • February 26, 2019

    Ken Gause says, "Kim Yo-jong's role will be as a protector for her brother within the regime. It's someone that he will rely on to basically keep an eye on the regime and make sure that no one can move against him."

    CNN (Transcript): "The Situation Room" [17:50:01]

  • February 26, 2019

    Ken Gause writes, "This summit may possibly mark a fundamental change in U.S. strategy toward North Korea. Denuclearization may be replaced with a peace regime."

    The Hill: "No 'Missouri Moment' at North Korea Summit, but Perhaps a Chance for Peace"

  • February 24, 2019

    Jeffery Peterson says, "The most important language in the world is the language of the person you're trying to speak with."

    Military: "Targeted Messaging: Military Recruiters Getting Creative to Reach Gen Z"

  • February 22, 2019

    Samuel Bendett says, " It will be interesting to see how they're going to be using some of those systems used in Syria on the larger scale."

    Defense & Aerospace Report: "CNA's Bendett on Latest Russian Uran, Okhotnik, Carnivora Unmanned Ground, Air Systems"

  • February 21, 2019

    Ken Gause says, "If the United States is planning on going in there and trying to make some headway on denuclearization, they will probably not say anything about human rights, or keep it to a minimum."

    Voice of America: "Trump-Kim Summit Seen Unlikely to Touch on Human Rights"

  • February 20, 2019

    Samuel Bendett writes, "An unmanned aircraft that can patrol the top of the world for four days leads a growing list of Arctic-themed drone-engineering projects either planned or underway by Russian defense labs and aircraft manufacturers."

    Defense One: "Russia Plans More Arctic UAVs"

  • February 19, 2019

    Ken Gause says, “If you have an environment that is steeped in corruption, whatever you plant in that environment will die."

    The Wall Street Journal: “Kim Jong Un Purges Wealthy Elite and Opponents of Outreach to U.S.”

  • February 18, 2019

    Samuel Bendett says, "Moscow's experience in Syria underscored that point — despite fielding a large number of [intelligence, surveillance and reconnaissance] drones that enabled Russian to be more precise in combat, the majority of targets were hit by manned aviation or manned artillery forces."

    The National Interest: "The Company That Makes the AK-47 Is Now Building Suicide Drones"

  • February 17, 2019

    According to the CNA survey, Soldier Perspectives on Small Arms in Combat “Eighty-nine percent of the 817 soldiers who had used the M-4 in combat said they were satisfied with the weapon.”

    The National Interest: “Back in 2008, the U.S. Army's M4 Rifle Failed Badly in a Tough Shootout”

  • February 14, 2019

    Samuel Bendett says, "The emergence of such technologies is changing the approaches to the conduct of hostilities and will have serious consequences for the personnel of the armed forces, military tactics and state policy in this area."

    Valdai Discussion Club: "Battle Robots Rivalry and the Future of War"

  • February 12, 2019

    Larry Lewis says, “It's coming out with a very strong stance saying there are virtuous uses of AI”

    Axios: “The Pentagon's Alluring AI Pitch to Silicon Valley”

  • February 8, 2019

    Michael Kofman says, “While they may lack the funding, and some of the defense-industrial base, they're keeping abreast of what sort of nextgen capabilities might enter the battlefield.”

    The National Interest: “The F-22 and F-35 Are Ancient History: Russia's 6th Generation Fighter Could Be Revolutionary”

  • February 7, 2019

    Ken Gause says, "Right now we have to wait to see what the U.S. is willing to put on the table. Until we know that, it's hard to predict what North Korea will do."

    Yonhap News: "Analysts Brace for Trump Card at Next N. Korea Summit"

  • February 5, 2019

    Samuel Bendett says, “The Ministry of Defense said on several occasions that this UGV performed well in Syria, so we are to expect that these 12 are not the last vehicles of its kind to enter Russian service. The Ministry feels confident enough with Uran-6 to start accepting it into service. In Syria, it did not experience the range of issues that plagued Uran-9 trials.”

    C4ISRNET: ‘Russia Orders a Dozen New Demining Robots”

  • February 4, 2019

    Dmitry Gorenburg says that Russia has sought to ameliorate its relative lack of surface warfare capabilities through cruise missiles, which are “seen as force multipliers capable of offsetting the Russian shortfalls in ship numbers and quality”

    The National Interest: “Contested Waters: Great Power Naval Competition in the 21st Century”

  • February 4, 2019

    Larry Lewis provide his expert opinion on reducing civilian casualties.

    Washington Post:  “After Bloody Insurgent Wars, Pentagon Launches Effort to Prevent Civilian Deaths”

  • February 4, 2019

    Michael Kofman says, “Not only are they far faster so they are incredibly difficult to intercept, but they also have very low fly time so there’s very little warning or possibility for the defending side to do much of anything about it.”

    CNN: “Putin Wants 'Supersonic' Missile After Treaty Suspension”

  • January 31, 2019

    Samuel Bendett writes, “While the private sector in Russia has achieved success in image and speech recognition, the military has been pursuing its own AI development for a variety of weapons such as aircraft, missiles, electronic warfare, radars and unmanned systems.”

    Defense One: “Putin Orders Up a National AI Strategy”

  • January 30, 2019

    According to the CNA report, The Role of Special Operations Forces in Global Competition, “"Special operations forces have a greater role to play in today's global competition through a counteractive approach to adversary maneuvers."

    Military.com: “As Russia, China Threaten, Navy Seals Get a New Focus”

  • January 30, 2019

    Michael Kofman says, “Eventually, he got a massive contract for feeding the Russian military and the Russian armed forces, which is probably where most of his money comes from.”

    NPR: “'Putin's Chef' Has His Fingers In Many Pies, Critics Say”

  • January 30, 2019

    Michael Kofman writes, “The Russian Airborne Forces (VDV) compose one of the more important instruments in the General Staff’s toolkit, serving as a rapid reaction force for local conflicts, supporting special operations, or striking behind enemy lines in a conventional war.”

    Russia Military Analysis: “Rethinking the Structure and Role of Russia’s Airborne Forces”

  • January 29, 2019

    Ken Gause says, “They [Russia] have aspirations to build a gas pipeline that extends through North Korea all the way down to South Korea, for example. They share a border with North Korea and want a say in how security in Northeast Asia evolves.”

    The Washington Post: “Russia Secretly Offered North Korea a Nuclear Power Plant, Officials Say”

  • January 28, 2019

    Bill Rosenau says that the right-wing interest reflects “a certain amount of obsession that I don’t see how it’s possibly justified. I think the fact that the members are Muslim and almost all African-American is a source of a lot of the anxiety. I think it’s straight up religious and racial fear.”

    The New York Times: “They Created a Muslim Enclave in Upstate N.Y. Then Came the Online Conspiracies”

  • January 28, 2019

    Samuel Bendett says, “Going into Syria in 2015, Russia was lacking a key combat element — the ability to hit targets quickly following their identification, one of the key functions of [unmanned combat air vehicles] around the world today.”

    The National Interest: “Russia's Next Deadly Weapon: A Stealth, Jet-Powered Robot Warplane”

  • January 24, 2019

    Samuel Bendett says, “In reality, [the] Uran-9 tests in Syria should have garnered major attention from all major Russian news outlets, given how proud Russian [sic] are of their remote-controlled tank.”

    Task and Purpose: “Russia's Robot Tank Sucks, But Its Military Is Adopting It Anyway”

  • January 23, 2019

    Micahel Kofman says, “The Russian military is configured very differently from expeditionary powers like the United States.”

    The Wall Street Journal: “The New Iron Curtain: Russian Missile Defense Challenges U.S. Air Power”

  • January 22, 2019

    Samuel Bendett says, “This is a unique design. [We] have not seen anything similar yet, but Russian defense industry officials recently stated that there are no fewer than 17 [underwater unmanned vehicle] designs presently under development in Russia.”

    C4ISRNET: “Russia Tests ‘Underwater Quadcopter’ for Cold Water Exploration”

  • January 19, 2019

    Alarik Fritz says, “The submarine force that they have is essentially their capital ships. “They’re a concern for us and they’re highly capable—and they’re a very agile tool of the Russian military.”

    The National Interest: “Back in 2017, 2 Russian Nuclear Submarines 'Fired' Torpedoes at Each Other”

  • January 18, 2019

    Ken Gause says, “There are fundamental problems that still exist that would have to be overcome if you're going to have a successful summit. It's obvious the two sides disagree on what denuclearization of the Korean Peninsula means.”

    Yonhap News: “U.S. Remains Silent Hours Ahead of Top N.K. Official's Visit”

  • January 16, 2019

    Ken Gause says, “I think the North Koreans have come to the conclusion that the only one they can deal with is Trump.”

    The Washington Post: “Trump Could Announce a Second Summit With North Korean Leader Within Days”

  • January 14, 2019

    Samuel Bendett says, “While Ukraine has many UAV – as well as UCAV — plans, only few projects came to fruition, such as several small ISR models currently in use in the country’s east.”

    Defense One: “Ukraine Is Buying New Combat Drones…From Turkey”

  • January 11, 2019

    Samuel Bendett says that these submarines can “operate on the sea floor in many parts of the global ocean.”

    Defense One: “Russia’s Special Operators Are Getting Futuristic Mini-Subs”

  • January 11, 2019

    Samuel Bendett says, “The fact that there are no limitations on what vessel can carry it where means that there would be fewer limitations for the Russian special forces to act, via this deep-diving vessel.”

    Defense One: “Russia’s Special Operators Are Getting Futuristic Mini-Subs”

  • January 9, 2019

    Jonathan Schroden says, “I do see this trend of ‘by, with and through’ not just being applied in places where the government is very weak. The US wouldn’t be conducting direct military operations but it could certainly enable a partner nation force. If you look at Jordan or the UAE, they certainly have very capable forces.”

    Al Monitor: ‘Congress Plans New Challenge to President’s War Powers Amid Syria Pullout”

  • January 9, 2019

    Ken Gause says, “Before Kim Jong-un meets with Trump, he is going to want to hear China's thoughts on the second summit. He will also want promises from China on what Beijing is willing to do if a second summit does not happen or does not go well.”

    Yonhap News Agency: “N.K. Leader Shows China May Be 'New Way’”

  • January 9, 2019

    Samuel Bendett and Dmitry Gorenburg discussed Russian weapons systems.

    VOA News: “New Weapons of Russia: A Real Threat, Proven in Syria” [Russian]

  • January 8, 2019

    Ken Gause says, “Before Kim Jong-un meets with Trump, he is going to want to hear China's thoughts on the second summit. He will also want promises from China on what Beijing is willing to do if a second summit does not happen or does not go well.”

    Yonhap News Agency: “N.K. Leader Shows China May Be 'New Way’”

  • January 7, 2019

    Jonathan Schroden says, “From the data we gathered, we were able to recreate the paths of the submarines.”

    Chemical and Engineering News: “Career Ladder: Jonathan Schroden”

  • January 6, 2019

    Samuel Bendett says, “There are a number of [counter-unmanned aerial systems (C-UAS)] technologies that Russian law enforcement has at its disposal ? they have been ‘battle-tested' during the 2018 World Cup held across the country.”

    C4ISRNET: “Russia Will Counter Drones Over Moscow With ... Its Own Drones”

  • January 5, 2019

    Lauren Dickey says, “It merits watching how Chinese tactics toward Taiwan have evolved — and will likely continue to evolve — as a way to analyze how Chinese efforts to coerce or influence may manifest in other countries.”

    The New York Times: “Taiwan’s President, Defying Xi Jinping, Calls Unification Offer ‘Impossible’”

  • January 2, 2019

    Ken Gause says, “The speech was designed to put the ball in the U.S. court. "North Korea is done making concessions. Now we have to wait for the White House's response to see how we will move forward.”

    Yonhap News: “N.K. Leader Puts Onus on Trump to Resolve Nuclear Impasse”

  • June 17, 2019

    Joshua Tallis writes, "These forecasts are unequivocally telling us that dense, networked, and littoral communities are an emerging global force."

    CIMSEC: "The Case for Maritime Security in an Era of Great Power Competition"

  • June 4, 2019

    Larry Lewis says, "We may think it's expedient to take the gloves off but if you look at history . . . if you take a heavy-handed approach, you actually can hurt yourself in the long term." [15:57]

    Slate's The Gist: "Saving Civilians, and the Mission"

  • May 30, 2019

    Nilanthi Samaranayake writes, "New Delhi's prerogatives are a factor in the smaller South Asian (SSA) countries' decision making that cannot be underestimated, despite China's expanding range of activities in the region."

    Forbes: "India, Not China, Is Still the Dominant Power in South Asia"

  • May 30, 2019

    Samuel Bendett says, "Once that system [Okhotnik] is part of the Russian military then some of the equations related to the Russian military concept of operations and tactics will have to change because Russia will gain a very interesting and very capable aerial vehicle." [8:20]

    Defense & Aerospace Report: "CNA's Bendett on New Systems Revealed During Russia's 2019 Victory Day"

  • May 30, 2019

    Samuel Bendett writes, "More funding is also necessary, Putin said, both from state coffers and by wooing investors through public-private cooperation."

    Defense One: "Putin Drops Hints About Upcoming National AI Strategy"

  • May 27, 2019

    Michael Kofman writes, "The fighter will allow Russia to attain qualitative air superiority over a 4th generation air force, and work with its own integrated air defense to counter penetrating stealth aircraft."

    Russia Military Analysis: "Russia's SU-57 Fighter Program – It's Worth Following"

  • May 17, 2019

    Jonathan Schroden writes, "The command is no longer primarily interested in counter-insurgency, but rather is now focused on making the Taliban bleed."

    War on the Rocks: "Military Pressure and Body Counts in Afghanistan"

  • May 17, 2019

    Ken Gause says, "We saw through 2016 and 2017 when North Korea wasn't able to get satisfaction to their diplomatic charm campaign, which they tried through 2013 into 2015, so they started doing nuclear tests and missile tests."

    Korean Kontext: "Why North Korea Won't Budge: Ken Gause" [4:40]

  • May 14, 2019

    Samuel Bendett writes, "This year, Moscow will join a growing number of global cities whose populations are monitored by AI-enabled facial recognition programs."

    Defense One: "Moscow to Weave AI Face Recognition into Its Urban Surveillance Net"

  • May 5, 2019

    Dov S. Zakheim writes, "Other Russian projects that are in their earliest development stages, but whose American and/or Chinese equivalents are closer to being fielded, would be likely targets for Russian-supported U.N. restrictive guidelines."

    The Hill: "Russia's Sudden Change of Heart on AI"

  • May 3, 2019

    Michael Kofman says, "The debate on relative military power and expectations of the future military balance is terribly warped by a low-information environment."

    Defense News: "Russian Defense Spending Is Much Larger, and More Sustainable Than It Seems"

  • May 1, 2019

    Peter Swartz says, "Part of the reason I don't finish is because I read something else that gets me mad, and causes me to reflect, and I charge off researching that instead of finishing up the last piece."

    Proceedings: "A Naval Strategist Speaks"

  • May 1, 2019

    Peter Swartz says, "The CNA guys were using open sources, Russian open sources, and pooh-poohed for that. And it turned out that the Russian open sources, for the very reasons that they had always argued, turned out to be the most accurate place to go for your stuff."

    U.S. Naval Institute: "Proceedings Podcast Episode 78 - Peter Swartz Talks Naval Strategy" [36:33]

  • May 1, 2019

    Peter Swartz writes, "While Mobley unearths more fascinating early war plans, and Hone gives us more at-sea combat actions, both books are really about the development of the thinking of previous generations of U.S. Navy officers."

    Proceedings: "Progressives in Navy Blue and Learning War Book Reviews"

  • May 1, 2019

    Scott Truver writes, "If the Navy is serious about competing in and winning this latest strategic competition, then both the appetite and the aperture for change will have to accelerate."

    Proceedings: "The U.S. Navy in Review"

  • April 30, 2019

    Michael Kofman writes, "Moscow's strategic outlook has always been shaped as much by perceptions of vulnerability, threats foreign and domestic, as it has by ambition and a drive for recognition."

    Russia Military Analysis: "Drivers of Russian Grand Strategy"

  • April 29, 2019

    Nilanthi Samaranayake writes, "Despite the limits of China's current presence and the challenges to its expansion, U.S. policymakers should not ignore the possibility that Chinese activities to secure the Maritime Silk Road could increase and destabilize the region."

    The National Bureau of Asian Research: "Securing the Maritime Silk Road in South Asia and the Indian Ocean"

  • April 25, 2019

    Samuel Bendett writes, "The ensuing months have brought many announcements on the use of AI in various weapons. All this makes Patrushev's statement all the more surprising."

    Defense One: "Did Russia Just Concede a Need to Regulate Military AI?"

  • April 23, 2019

    Dmitry Gorenburg writes, "The protection of the state and nation through armed force has been portrayed as a holy act that is highly compatible with religious belief and spiritual values."

    Russian Military Reform: "How Much Did Orthodox Church Help Revive Russia's Military and Nuclear Complex?"

  • April 23, 2019

    William Rosenau writes, "Her release, scheduled for next month, is bringing to a close a bizarre story of homegrown violent extremism and ideological insanity that stretches back to the 1950s."

    Spectator: "The Amazing Tale of Judith Alice Clark"

  • April 22, 2019

    Joshua Tallis writes, "Partnership is not zero-sum, and pursuing a local agenda helps ensure long-term buy-in from authorities and the people they will rely on to help keep communities safe."

    The Strategy Bridge: "Hybrid Threats and the Constabularization of Strategy"

  • April 10, 2019

    Nilanthi Samaranayake writes, "As it works more closely with the smaller South Asian countries, the United States will need to take a nuanced approach toward China's expanding role in the region and should not necessarily view Chinese investments and loans as a direct threat to US influence."

    United States Institute of Peace: "China's Engagement with Smaller South Asian Countries"

  • April 5, 2019

    Vince Manzo writes, "The United States, Russia, and China are all beginning to grapple with the technologies and trends that underlie entanglement."

    H-Diplo: "Article Review 113 on 'Escalation through Entanglement: How Vulnerability of Command-and-Control Systems Raises the Risks of an Inadvertent Nuclear War.'"

  • April 2, 2019

    Ken Gause writes, "The notion, therefore, that Kim could act with impunity is a misinterpretation of his power and a misunderstanding of the dynamics of totalitarian regimes."

    The Hill: "Can Kim Jong Un Really Denuclearize?"

  • March 21, 2019

    Jonathan Schroden writes, "Rather than railing against this situation — one over which it has no control and little influence — the Afghan government would be better off preparing to expeditiously address its own interests and costs in the second phase of negotiations."

    War on the Rocks: "Weighing the Costs of War and Peace in Afghanistan"

  • March 21, 2019

    Mark Rosen writes, "Since the US has the greatest amount of risk, the question becomes whether Washington should continue to hitch its wagon to London or strike out in a different direction."

    IPP Review: "India May Hold the Keys to a Critical U.S. Defense Base"

  • March 18, 2019

    Ken Gause writes, "The United States cannot dictate a solution that fits well within the liberal democratic order; North Korea cannot bust out of its isolation and live with the world on its own terms."

    The Hill: "What America Needs to Learn About North Korea: The Game Is Over"

  • March 18, 2019

    Samuel Bendett says, "For the Russian military, their experience in Syria was an absolute watershed." [Segment begins at: 39:18]

    Steptoe Cyberblog: "Episode 255: Imitation Is the Sincerest Form of Flattery: Russia and China Revamp Their Military Technologies"

  • March 14, 2019

    Margaux Hoar writes, "The sooner we can all appreciate that subjective and qualitative are not equivalent, the sooner our military may best avail itself of the benefits that quantitative analysis can provide."

    U.S. Naval Institute Blog: "Data Analytics Versus Subjective Assessments Is a False Choice"

  • March 14, 2019

    Samuel Bendett writes, "All this activity aims to fulfill Putin's request to his government to create an 'AI infrastructure' – a set of complementary and overlapping relationships between the country's public and private hi-tech sectors that aim to mobilize the community for an AI breakthrough."

    Defense One: "Russia Racing to Complete National AI Strategy by June 15"

  • March 12, 2019

    Larry Lewis writes, "With both the Defense Department and Congress actively working on the issue of civilian casualties, a moment of reflection can help the government to better meet a key intent of the EO: to systematize learning and improve U.S. efforts to protect civilians."

    Just Security: "Reflecting on the Civilian Casualty Executive Order: What Was Lost and What Can Now Be Gained"

  • February 11, 2019

    Samuel Bendett writes, “According to the Russian state media (TASS), Russian military robotic complexes (RBCs) will be able to independently recognize targets, use weapons, and interact in groups and swarms. Such plans were stated in the article by the staff of the 3rd Central Scientific Research Institute of the Russian Federation’s MOD.”

    Mad Scientist Laboratory: “Autonomous Robotic Systems in the Russian Ground Forces”

  • February 6, 2019

    Ken Gause and Chris Steinitz say, "Kim Jong-un has to think strategically for his long term survival and that of his family's regime. He cannot settle for tactical wins for short term gains."

    The National Interest: "North Korea and America's Second Summit: Here's What Ken Gause and Chris Steinitz Think Will Happen"

  • January 31, 2019

    Jon Schroden writes, “There is a collective sense of cautious optimism that something notable happened last week and that Afghanistan may have advanced on a path toward peace.”

    War on the Rocks: “Getting Ahead of the Implications of a U.S.-Taliban Deal in Afghanistan”

  • January 25, 2019

    Dov Zakheim writes, “For now, it would be best if Washington continued to act forcefully in the political and diplomatic spheres. It should continue to support and work with Guaido and his democratic colleagues to implement desperately needed reforms.”

    The Hill: “What’s Next for Venezuela — and for Washington”

  • January 18, 2019

    Sarah Vogler writes, “Kim Yong Chol has arrived in Washington to meet with Secretary of State Pompeo and President Trump. Ever since North Korea’s shift to diplomatic rapprochement with South Korea and the United States in 2018, Kim Yong Chol has been one of the primary officials to represent Pyongyang.”

    38 North: “Why is Kim Yong Chol Still Pyongyang’s Choice for US-DPRK Relations?”

  • January 18, 2019

    Sarah Vogler writes, “Kim Yong Chol has arrived in Washington to meet with Secretary of State Pompeo and President Trump. Ever since North Korea’s shift to diplomatic rapprochement with South Korea and the United States in 2018, Kim Yong Chol has been one of the primary officials to represent Pyongyang.”

    38 North: “Why is Kim Yong Chol Still Pyongyang’s Choice for US-DPRK Relations?”

  • January 16, 2019

    Dov Zakheim writes, “Washington is uniquely situated to maintain the fragile state of non-belligerence — peace is too strong a word — that exists between the Turks and the Syrian Kurds.”

    The Hill: “Turkey’s Threat to Kurds Demands U.S. Protection”

  • January 8, 2019

    Samuel Bendett writes, “Russia’s interest in AI seems to have swung into a higher gear after September 2017, when President Vladimir Putin said that artificial intelligence is ‘humanity’s future’ and that the country that masters it will ‘get to rule the world.’”

    Defense One: “Russia: Expect a National AI Roadmap by Midyear”

  • January 7, 2019

    Dmitry Gorenburg writes, “The November 25 naval skirmish between Russian and Ukrainian forces in the Kerch Strait was significant first and foremost as an open military confrontation between the two countries’ armed forces. But it also highlighted the fraught legal status of the strait and the Azov Sea, a status that Russia has been exploiting in recent months to exert political and economic pressure on Ukraine.”

    Russian Military Reform: “The Kerch Strait Skirmish: A Law of the Sea Perspective”

  • January 3, 2019

    Dmitry Gorenburg writes, “I argue that Russian foreign policy preferences and activities have been largely continuous since the early 1990s. These preferences have focused on the quest to restore Russia’s great power status and maintain a zone of influence in states around its borders as a buffer against potential security threats.”

    Russian Military Reform: “Circumstances Have Changed Since 1991, but Russia’s Core Foreign Policy Goals Have Not”

  • January 1, 2019

    Nilanthi Samaranayake writes, “Sri Lanka, at present, is rebounding from an unprecedented political crisis. The episode, in part, brought into focus the country’s debt crisis. While Colombo has never defaulted on loan, it owes billions of dollars to foreign lenders that are coming soon by 2023.”

    Observer Research Foundation: “Hambantota: Critical Node in the Asia-Africa Growth Corridor?”

  • May 24, 2019

    A just-released report by CNA, SPI: Reflections on 10 Years of Innovation, is an in-depth look at the strategies and innovations police departments across the United States have put into place to reduce crime in rural and urban communities. Read more.

  • April 1, 2019

    In a new report, CNA's Vince Manzo analyzes the future of nuclear arms control without a treaty. As of today, there is just one nuclear arms control treaty in place between the U.S. and Russia – New START – and it is uncertain if President Trump or Vladimir Putin are willing to extend or renew the current treaty, set to expire in 2021. Read more.

  • March 27, 2019

    CNA President and CEO Katherine McGrady today announced that Leigh Warner is joining CNA's Board of Trustees. Read more.

  • March 5, 2019

    CNA's Institute for Public Research today announced it will serve as a member of the team selected as the Monitor of the Consent Decree which was recently enacted to oversee reforms at the Chicago Police Department. Read more.


Contact

Christine LaPaille
Director of Communications
703.824.2693
lapaillec@cna.org

communications@cna.org
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Arlington, VA 22201

Note to Reporters and Editors

Note to writers and editors: CNA is not an acronym and is correctly referenced as "CNA, a research organization in Arlington, VA."