News Archive

Russia's increasing military flights around Alaska are 'a strain on our units,' top US commander says

Joshua Tallis said, "The Army recently released its own Arctic strategy, which focused on Alaska, and the Navy is operating more in that area, but aerospace defense remains the emphasis in the region, reflected in part by plans to upgrade NORAD's sensors."

Business Insider: Russia's increasing military flights around Alaska are 'a strain on our units,' top US commander says

An Off-the-Shelf Guide to Extended Continental Shelves and the Arctic

Cornell Overfield writes, "Regardless of how or when the competing Arctic extended shelf claims are resolved, they will likely be resolved peacefully. Indeed, Russia's recent submission marks just the latest evidence of its intention to trust the process."

Lawfare: An Off-the-Shelf Guide to Extended Continental Shelves and the Arctic

The Arctic Is No Substitute for Suez. We Should Keep It That Way.

Joshua Tallis writes, "The stated disinterest among shippers against using Arctic routes is not well integrated into the Defense Department's strategies on managing a changing region."

Defense One: “The Arctic Is No Substitute for Suez. We Should Keep It That Way.”

Event Video: High Seas Resources, Oceans Security, and the Great Powers

Cornell Overfield moderated a panel with Catherine Blanchard (Utrecht University), Nilufer Oral (National University of Singapore) and James Kraska (US Naval War College) as they discussed the context and security implications of the biodiversity beyond national jurisdiction agreement currently under negotiation.

The Arctic Is No Substitute for Suez. We Should Keep It That Way.

Joshua Tallis writes, "The stated disinterest among shippers against using Arctic routes is not well integrated into the Defense Department's strategies on managing a changing region."

Defense One: “The Arctic Is No Substitute for Suez. We Should Keep It That Way.”

Event Video: High Seas Resources, Oceans Security, and the Great Powers

Cornell Overfield moderated a panel with Catherine Blanchard (Utrecht University), Nilufer Oral (National University of Singapore) and James Kraska (US Naval War College) as they discussed the context and security implications of the biodiversity beyond national jurisdiction agreement currently under negotiation.

A New Great Game Finds the South Atlantic

Ralph Espach wrote, "In March, the South Atlantic witnessed an unusual scene: a U.S. ship turning around and sailing for home, having been refused docking rights and services by the Argentine Ministry of Foreign Affairs."

War on the Rocks: “A New Great Game Finds the South Atlantic”

Peter Swartz on Defining the Maritime Strategy

Peter Swartz says, “The Maritime Strategy stood on the shoulders of numerous previous U.S. Navy thinkers and operators.”

CIMSEC : “Peter Swartz on Defining The Maritime Strategy”

Chinese Belt and Road Investment Isn't All Bad—or Good

Nilanthi Samaranayake writes, “Washington needs to focus more on understanding the drivers within small states and the structural dynamics that push them in the direction of great-power competitors.”

Foreign Policy: “Chinese Belt and Road Investment Isn't All Bad—or Good”

A Blue Arctic

In the latest episode of our occasional series, "Polar Politics," Joshua Tallis sits down with Walter Berbrick (Naval War College), one of the lead authors of the new Department of the Navy, Arctic Strategy titled "A Blue Arctic."

Polar Politics podcast: “A Blue Arctic”

Event Video: Small States in an Era of Great Power Competition

Nilanthi Samaranayake, Ralph Espach, Anders Wivel (University of Copenhagen), and Jane Chan (RSIS) discussed small states as allies and strategic partners to the United States and how Washington can develop a strategy to harness their full potential.

For a Biden Arctic Agenda, Look to Governance

Joshua Tallis writes, "The Biden administration, which faces its share of challenges around the Arctic, should address them under a rubric not of competition but of positively reinforcing regional governance and rules."

Foreign Policy: “For a Biden Arctic Agenda, Look to Governance”

U.S.-India Cooperation on Indo-Pacific Security

Nilanthi Samaranayake says, "While U.S. policymakers too often conceive of these close allies in a transatlantic context, India recognizes their Indo-Pacific interests and operations."

The German Marshall Fund of the United States: “U.S.-India Cooperation on Indo-Pacific Security”

Peter Swartz on Creating Maritime Strategy, Pt. 3. The End of an Era

Peter Swartz says, "When I did war games, one of the reasons why war games are so effective as a teaching device and, as you know, you internalize stuff from participating, is because the scenario in the war game tells a story and stories are powerful."

CIMSEC: “Peter Swartz on Creating Maritime Strategy, Pt. 3. The End of an Era”

Revisit and Revamp: Why Biden Must Re-Examine America's Great-Power Struggle

Nilanthi Samaranayake writes, "The 2017 National Security Strategy (NSS) codified growing discussion that the United States is in a great-power competition with both China and Russia."

The National Interest: “Revisit and Revamp: Why Biden Must Re-Examine America's Great-Power Struggle”

Event Video: The Future of Arms Control and On-Site Inspection

Timothy P. McDonnell, Corey Hinderstein (Nuclear Threat Initiative) and Pranay Vaddi (Carnegie Endowment for International Peace) discussed challenges and opportunities for on-site inspection and its potential contributions to the future of strategic arms control.

On Creating Maritime Strategy, Pt. 2: Secretaries and Exercises

Peter Swartz says, “The slogan ‘600 ships’ predated much—but not all—of the writing and speaking about the strategy.”

CIMSEC: “On Creating Maritime Strategy, Pt. 2: Secretaries and Exercises”

New Life for New START is a First Step for Nuclear Talks

Madison Estes writes, "Though New START alone is not sufficient for a world of new weapons and rising nuclear powers, the decision to extend New START was both a critical and prudent choice."

CNA InDepth: "New Life for New START is a First Step for Nuclear Talks"

Focusing the Military Services' Arctic Strategies

Joshua Tallis writes, "Even as Arctic strategies must wrestle with the implications of long-term changes in the region, policymaking would benefit from a renewed focus on nearer-term commitments in order to help prioritize limited resources."

War on the Rocks: "Focusing the Military Services' Arctic Strategies"

Digging Deeper on Great Power Competition in a New US Administration

Nilanthi Samaranayake writes, "This focus on competition has, to some extent, obscured how competitors also cooperate while allies compete with each other."

CNA InDepth: "Digging Deeper on Great Power Competition in a New US Administration"

On Creating Maritime Strategy, Pt. 1: Tactics and Creators

Peter Swartz says, "We were trying to educate the officer corps, we were targeting the Navy."

CIMSEC: "On Creating Maritime Strategy, Pt. 1: Tactics and Creators"

A New Arctic Strategy for an Emerging Maritime Domain

Joshua Tallis writes, "Integrating Navy and Marine Corps operations is part of a bigger trend, as seen in the commandant’s planning guidance and the release of new operational concepts like Expeditionary Advanced Basing Operations and Littoral Operations in Contested Environments (LOCE)."

CIMSEC: "A New Arctic Strategy for an Emerging Maritime Domain"

Analysis in Combat: The Story of Desert Storm

Steven WIlls tells the story of the Navy’s role in the first Gulf War, on the 30th anniversary of Desert Storm.

CNA Talks podcast: "Analysis in Combat: The Story of Desert Storm"

Indian Ocean Island States and the Quad Plus

Nilanthi Samaranayake writes, "This article will consider the potential for states from Sri Lanka to Seychelles, Maldives to Mauritius, as well as French and British territories in the Indian Ocean, to play a role in the Quad Plus."

Journal of the Indo-Pacific: "Indian Ocean Island States and the Quad Plus"

The Mujahideen: From Allies to Menace

Steven Wills guest hosts for Bill Rosenau and is joined by Jon Schroden of CNA’s Center for Stability and Development and Ohio University professor of history John Brobst to discuss the history of Afghanistan leading up to the Soviet Invasion, and the war’s legacy in the modern-day nation.

Coming in from the Cold podcast: "The Mujahideen: From Allies to Menace"

Brahmaputra: A Conflict-Prone River Takes a Step Backwards

Nilanthi Samaranayake and Satu Limaye write, "the lowest riparian in the Brahmaputra, Bangladesh would be the most affected by dam activities undertaken by China and India. After the recent news about China's potential dam, a Bangladeshi environmentalist expressed concern about the downstream impacts on water flow.

War on the Rocks: "Brahmaputra: A Conflict-Prone River Takes a Step Backwards"

COVID-19 Pandemic Shows Mariners Are Essential Workers, Experts Say

Joshua Tallis says, "'Mariners need to access ports of call' for their physical and mental well-being."

USNI News: COVID-19 Pandemic Shows Mariners Are Essential Workers, Experts Say

Seychelles in Crosshairs of India's Maritime Security Axis

Nilanthi Samaranayake says, "There was a small protest movement against India's construction of a military facility in the two Agalega Islands, but it has not had the same level of success found by the opposition in Seychelles."

Nikkei Asia: "Seychelles in Crosshairs of India's Maritime Security Axis"

The Indian Ocean's Key Role in the Indo-Pacific Rules-Based International Order

Nilanthi Samaranayake writes, "Whereas China has un-questionably challenged established rules and norms in the Pacific, it has, for the most part, been a lawful actor in the Indian Ocean."

Air University: "The Indian Ocean's Key Role in the Indo-Pacific Rules-Based International Order"

Oral History of Captain Peter M. Swartz, USN (Ret.)

Peter M. Swartz: "An oral history interview with Captain Peter M. Swartz, USN (Ret.), was conducted on 24 July 2019 . . . The wide-ranging, candid conversation covered Captain Swartz's antecedents, his two combat tours in Vietnam as a junior officer; his assignments to key policy directorates of the OPNAV staff; his final tour as an executive assistant to Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff General Colin L. Powell; and his post-retirement career with Center for Naval Analyses (CNA)."

Naval History and Heritage Command: "Oral History of Captain Peter M. Swartz, USN (Ret.)"

Reviewing Chinese Engagement in South Asia

Nilanthi Samaranayake writes, "The pandemic has added significant economic stress to Pakistan, Bangladesh, and Nepal, in addition to the clear societal costs."

South Asian Voices: "Reviewing Chinese Engagement in South Asia"

Event Video: Women, Peace, and Security: Cross-regional challenges and opportunities

Nilanthi Samaranayake, Julia McQuaid, Major General Suzanne Vares-Lum (US Indo-Pacific Command), and former Commander, US Naval Forces Europe, Africa, and NATO Allied Joint Force Command Naples ADM James G. Foggo III (Ret.) examined developments in the Women, Peace, and Security agenda by exploring issues and themes across Africa, Asia, and Europe. Pompeo Courts the Maldives in Latest Bid to Check China's Influence

Nilanthi Samaranayake says, "Maldives is in a worse situation economically than Sri Lanka; it has a smaller economy, and a larger portion of its foreign debt is to China than Sri Lanka's is."

Foreign Policy: "Pompeo Courts the Maldives in Latest Bid to Check China's Influence"

Rule of Law at the Poles (Part 2)

In the latest episode of our occasional series, "Polar Politics," Mark Rosen and Cornell Overfield join host Joshua Tallis to discuss the treaties and agreements that govern the Polar Regions writ large, before taking a deep dive into the Antarctic Treaty system.

Polar Politics podcast: "Rule of Law at the Poles (Part 2)"

Event Video: Adrift: COVID-19 and the Safety of Seafarers

Joshua Tallis, Nilanthi Samaranayake, Carnival Corporation’s VADM William Burke (Ret.), and former Department of the Navy Inspector General VADM Lee Gunn (Ret.) discussed how COVID-19 is shaping the lives of mariners and the societies that rely upon them.

Rule of Law at the Poles (Part 1)

In the latest episode of our occasional series, "Polar Politics," Mark Rosen and Cornell Overfield join host Joshua Tallis to discuss the treaties and agreements that govern the Polar Regions writ large, before taking a deep dive into the Antarctic Treaty system.

Polar Politics podcast: "Rule of Law at the Poles (Part 1)"

Launch Event for Book Honoring Peter Swartz

Peter M. Swartz: The German word festschrift refers to a book or edited volume honoring a person, typically in academia, reflecting their life's work through contributions from peers, colleagues, and/or former students. The Institute for Security Policy at Kiel University (Germany) is pleased to present "Conceptualizing Maritime & Naval Strategy: Festschrift for Captain Peter M. Swartz," an edited volume featuring a range of works compiled in Peter's honor.

Institute for Security Policy at Kiel University: "Launch Event for Book Honoring Peter Swartz"

Morning Defense

According to the CNA report, Nuclear Arms Control Without a Treaty? Risks and Options After New START, if the agreement lapses in February, "The U.S. intelligence community would likely devote more resources to monitoring Russian strategic nuclear forces but have less insight and less confidence in its analytical judgment."

Politico: "Morning Defense"

The Chagos Archipelago Dispute: Law, Diplomacy and Military Basing

Nilanthi Samaranayake writes, "Encouraging the U.K. to back off its claim may make the legal and diplomatic environment easier for the U.S. as it attempts to draw a clear contrast between the U.S. economic and political model and the alternative offered by China and Russia."

Lawfare: "The Chagos Archipelago Dispute: Law, Diplomacy and Military Basing"

Reflecting the Law of the Sea: In Defense of the Bay of Bengal’s Grey Area

Cornell Overfield says, “I think that this [Bangladesh turning to litigation] speaks to the broader consensus among smaller states that the UN Convention [on the Law of the Sea] is a tool that allows them to defend themselves, and we see that again and again, including in the South China Sea and now in the Eastern Mediterranean.”

CIMSEC: “Reflecting the Law of the Sea: In Defense of the Bay of Bengal’s Grey Area”

Modern Nuclear-Armed Competitors Require a New U.S. Approach to Managing Escalation

Madison Estes writes, "Together, the framework of tools, objectives and the vetting process provide an anchor in a sea of uncertainty confronting defense planners."

Defense News: "Modern Nuclear-Armed Competitors Require a New U.S. Approach to Managing Escalation"

India on Board With U.S.-Maldives Alliance to Counter China

Nilanthi Samaranayake says, "The fact that India is now supportive of [the U.S.-Maldives security agreement] is a distinct change due to its increased threat perceptions of China."

Nikkei Asian Review: "India on Board With U.S.-Maldives Alliance to Counter China"

Could a Kiwi Sailor's Northwest Passage Transit Break the Legal Ice Between Canada and the U.S.?

Cornell Overfield writes, "With a history of cooperation, the U.S. and Canada must put the long-standing dispute over Canada's Arctic waters claims to rest. The Kiwi Roa's transit offers a chance for the pair to stand united and confront the Arctic's looming geopolitical, economic and environmental challenges."

Lawfare: "Could a Kiwi Sailor's Northwest Passage Transit Break the Legal Ice Between Canada and the U.S.?"

Event Video: Prevailing Under the Nuclear Shadow: A New Framework for US Escalation Management

Madison Estes, Timothy P. McDonnell, Brad Roberts (Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory) discussed approaches to managing escalation in crises and conflicts with nuclear-armed near-peer competitors.

How the Gulf, India, and Japan Think About Africa

Nilanthi Samaranayake says, "For the next 15 years, there's a risk of the U.S. being left behind in the court of international opinion and law, especially as Mauritius has been on a winning streak."

CSIS: "How the Gulf, India, and Japan Think About Africa" [18:05]

Sea Control 197 – Naval Great Power Competition with Dr. Joshua Tallis and Hunter Stires

Joshua Tallis says, "Something that can often be missed unless you're doing a close read of the NDS summary is that DOD is still interested in the little things. They're interested in smaller power competitors, countries like Iran and North Korea, as well as smaller non-state issues like terrorism and piracy."

CIMSEC: "Sea Control 197 – Naval Great Power Competition with Dr. Joshua Tallis and Hunter Stires" [8:38-9:07]

India and Japan Just Signed a Defense Logistics Pact – and China Won't Be Happy

Nilanthi Samaranayake says, "India has been signing these agreements with a handful of countries to aid access when Indian forces visit overseas bases and can receive logistics support."

Forbes: "India and Japan Just Signed a Defense Logistics Pact – and China Won't Be Happy"

This Could Be the Start of Something Big

Timothy McDonnell writes, "With his detailed account of the relationship between intelligence inputs and U.S. nuclear policy choices at the dawn of the nuclear age, Houghton has surfaced an enduring issue of fundamental importance."

Texas National Security Review: "This Could Be the Start of Something Big"

Disentangling the Chagossian Gordian Knot

"Ms. Samaranayake surmised that the 'tipping point' is within sight whereby the US would opt to strike a deal directly with Mauritius."

Le Mauricien: "Disentangling the Chagossian Gordian Knot"

OPNAV Between Strategy, Assessment and Budget, 1982-2016

Steven Wills writes, “The competition between the strategy and assessment branches of the OPNAV staff had a major impact on the development of both the Maritime Strategy of the 1980’s and the post-Cold War, budget-based, ‘Strategy of Means’ that followed.”

Nomos: "OPNAV Between Strategy, Assessment and Budget, 1982-2016"

India’s Naval and Maritime Power

Nilanthi Samaranayake writes, "Given the wide range of challenges confronting India in the maritime domain, this chapter will examine issues of concern in the naval, coastal, and commercial infrastructure dimensions."

Nomos: "India's Naval and Maritime Power"

Event Video: Oceans in Crisis: COVID-19’s Impact on Maritime Economics and Seafarers

Nilanthi Samaranayake, Joshua Tallis, and Ganeshan Wignaraja (Lakshman Kadirgamar Institute) discussed how COVID-19 is affecting ocean activity, from maritime economic trends at the macro level, to the welfare of seafarers at the tactical level.

Argentina’s View on Antarctica

In the seventh episode of our occasional series, "Polar Politics" hosted by Joshua Tallis, Paulo Botta of Argentina Catholic University joins Ralph Espach to discuss Argentina's interests in Antarctica.

Polar Politics podcast: "Argentina's View on Antarctica"

How Good Order at Sea Is Central to Winning Strategic Competition

Joshua Tallis writes, "Great power competition is not only about preparing for conflict, but also includes sustained, day-to-day competition regarding who most shapes the structure of the international order."

CIMSEC: "How Good Order at Sea Is Central to Winning Strategic Competition"

Sri Lanka: The Rajapaksas Rise Again

Nilanthi Samaranayake says that, "as a 'developing country with an appetite for greater infrastructure and connectivity,' Sri Lanka will continue to turn to 'China as well as other countries and multilateral institutions' for loans and other support."

The Diplomat: "Sri Lanka: The Rajapaksas Rise Again"

Crawford, Swartz Earn Knox Honors

Peter Swartz awarded The Dudley W. Knox Medal, "Capt. Peter Swartz is an expert on 20th- and 21st- century Navy strategy, policy, and operations and on military history, organization, and culture."

Pull Together: "Crawford, Swartz Earn Knox Honors"

A Strategic Framework to Improve Coronavirus Response in Africa

Nilanthi Samaranayake writes, "The Quad Plus Framework in the Indo-Pacific may be imperfect, but it offers a potential pathway to extend this multilateralist approach to U.S. foreign policy in Africa."

Lawfare: "A Strategic Framework to Improve Coronavirus Response in Africa"

NATO Is the Right Forum for Security Dialogue in the High North

Joshua Tallis writes, "The alliance's prominence in a specific part of the Arctic long associated with NATO operations should not provoke serious escalation with Russia and is already a point of familiarity for Sweden and Finland."

Defense News: "NATO Is the Right Forum for Security Dialogue in the High North"

Reflecting the Law of the Sea: In Defense of the Bay of Bengal's Grey Area

Cornell Overfield writes, "The challenges of overlapping shelf and water column rights is not an issue of rule of law versus governance, but rather one of rule of law versus rule of habit."

CIMSEC: "Reflecting the Law of the Sea: In Defense of the Bay of Bengal's Grey Area"

China Poised for Diplomatic Windfall in Sri Lanka Elections

Nilanthi Samaranayake says, "Washington's attention to Sri Lanka appears to be increasingly fueled by geostrategic concerns about China."

Nikkei Asian Review: "China Poised for Diplomatic Windfall in Sri Lanka Elections"

Event Video: Arctic East vs. West: US Strategy in the Pacific and Atlantic Arctic

Joshua Tallis (CNA). Elizabeth Wishnick (Montclair State University, CNA), and Walter Berbrick (US Naval War College) discussed strategic objectives among great powers in the Arctic, specifically looking at the Arctic as a constellation of many interlocking regions, each with its own strategic considerations.

How a Tiny Indian Ocean Island Could Force a U.S.-U.K. Rift

Nilanthi Samaranayake writes, "U.S. policymakers should consider whether there is a tipping point at which Washington would withdraw support for its closest ally's colonial-era sovereignty claim and choose instead to work with Mauritius."

Defense One: "How a Tiny Indian Ocean Island Could Force a U.S.-U.K. Rift"

The Lawfare Podcast: COVID-19 and Its National Security Implications in the Middle East, South Asia and Africa

Nilanthi Samaranayake says, "India and Pakistan, for their part, really acted early in terms of imposing restrictions, lockdowns, and suspending air travel and bus travel, but one of the criticisms was that it was implemented quite harshly."

Lawfare: “The Lawfare Podcast: COVID-19 and Its National Security Implications in the Middle East, South Asia and Africa"

Figuring It Out the Hard Way: America, France, and the Challenges of Allied Pursuit of Nuclear Weapons, 1958–63

Timothy McDonnell writes, "The US approach to France illustrates that the United States has neither rigidly opposed nor selectively allowed proliferation to allies."

The Nonproliferation Review: "Figuring It Out the Hard Way: America, France, and the Challenges of Allied Pursuit of Nuclear Weapons, 1958–63"

Mapped: How China Has Raised Its Clout in India's Neighbourhood

According to Nilanthi Samaranayake, "Smaller South Asian countries generally view China as a 'fallback option' to finance their infrastructure projects and not necessarily as a partner of first choice."

Livemint: "Mapped: How China Has Raised Its Clout in India's Neighbourhood"

Event Video: Diego Garcia: US and Allied Basing Rights in the Era of Great Power Competition

Nilanthi Samaranayake, Mark Rosen and Ambassador Jagdish Koonjul from Mauritius discussed how developments in sovereignty politics could affect US military basing rights around the world, particularly in Diego Garcia, in an era of great power competition.

Lack of Future Fleet Plans, Public Strategy Hurting Navy's Bottom Line in Upcoming Defense Bills

Joshua Tallis says, "If GPC [Great Power Competition] is a contest for friends, there isn't one theory of victory but two theories of victory that the Navy has to consider. One is positional, and the other is political."

USNI News: "Lack of Future Fleet Plans, Public Strategy Hurting Navy's Bottom Line in Upcoming Defense Bills

Smaller South Asia: Competition for Influence amid COVID-19 Response

Nilanthi Samaranayake writes, "As the COVID-19 crisis continues to wreak havoc on public health and the global economy, the US should maintain its commitment to South Asia as part of its broader Indo-Pacific strategy."

Observer Research Foundation: "Smaller South Asia: Competition for Influence amid COVID-19 Response"

Northern Allies and Partners

In the sixth episode of our occasional series, "Polar Politics," Steven Wills joins host Joshua Tallis to discuss the interests of U.S. allies and partners in the Arctic.

Polar Politics podcast: "Northern Allies and Partners"

Lessons for Space from the Oceans and Poles

Joshua Tallis writes, "Some of the world's most complex security challenges—including many with Navy equities—are marked less by specific geographies than by their nature as global commons."

Proceedings: "Lessons for Space from the Oceans and Poles"

Beyond Mercy: Navy's COVID-19 Hospital Ship Missions and the Future of Medicine at Sea

Joshua Tallis writes that while, "the deployments are important symbols of mass mobilization, their role in increasing healthcare capacity is likely very limited."

USNI News: "Beyond Mercy: Navy's COVID-19 Hospital Ship Missions and the Future of Medicine at Sea"

Maldives: A New Threat to an At-Risk Archipelago

Nilanthi Samaranayake says, "Maldives has consistently relied on external assistance to compensate for its insufficient domestic capacity to respond to the pandemic."

Carnegie India: "Maldives: A New Threat to an At-Risk Archipelago"

Small Crews, Technical Complexity Makes Operating Modern Warships in Pandemic Tough

Steven Wills says, "You can do a lot to hold down disease."

USNI News: "Small Crews, Technical Complexity Makes Operating Modern Warships in Pandemic Tough"

Event Video: Disease and the Navy: Fighting Outbreaks on and With Warships

Steven Wills, Joshua Tallis , and Kara Mandell discussed how the US Navy has faced, overcome, suffered from, and adapted to disease outbreaks, onboard and onshore.

To Compete With Russia and China at Sea, Think Small

Joshua Tallis writes, "With an adequate supply of smaller ships, the Navy could disperse the force to ensure that competition is as global as U.S. strategy claims it should be"

Defense One: "To Compete With Russia and China at Sea, Think Small"

New Futures for Nuclear Arms Control: Examining a Framework and Possibilities With Hypersonic Weapons

Madison Estes writes, "There are existing diplomatic mechanisms like the New START Treaty and the Strategic Stability Dialogue that may offer a logical, accessible, and low difficulty starting point for addressing many of the reviewed arguments surrounding hypersonics and bringing each side closer to achieving strategic stability."

Project on Nuclear Issues: "New Futures for Nuclear Arms Control: Examining a Framework and Possibilities with Hypersonic Weapons"

Australia's View on Antarctica

In the fifth episode of our occasional series, "Polar Politics" hosted by Joshua Tallis, Dr. Rebecca 'Bec' Strating of Australia's La Trobe University joins Nilanthi Samaranayake to discuss Australia's interests in Antarctica.

Polar Politics podcast: “Australia's View on Antarctica”

The Coronavirus Crisis Calls for an International Response

Nilanthi Samaranayake writes, "While policymakers are understandably focused on mitigating the domestic crisis, the United States will soon need to demonstrate its ability as the leading global power to deliver relief when requested overseas."

The National Interest: "The Coronavirus Crisis Calls for an International Response"

Event Video: Great Power Competition: Assumptions Behind the Headlines

Joshua Tallis, David Knoll, and Nilanthi Samaranayake discussed great power competition broadly as a concept for US national strategy and defense planning, including assumptions behind ideas of power and what it means to compete as policy evolves.

Covid-19 and Competition for Influence in South Asia

Nilanthi Samaranayake writes, "As Covid-19 overwhelms healthcare systems and paralyzes economies across Western Europe and the United States, concern is growing about the potentially devastating impact of the virus in the developing world."

The National Bureau of Asian Research: “Covid-19 and Competition for Influence in South Asia”

Lessons from History: Pandemics on Ships

Following the spread of COVID-19 on the USS Theodore Roosevelt, CNA naval historian Steven Wills joins Joshua Tallis to discuss the history of disease on navy vessels.

CNA Talks podcast: “Lessons from History: Pandemics on Ships”

CNA In Depth: Cooperation of Consequence: Lessons from the 2004 Tsunami Response in the Era of COVID-19

Nilanthi Samaranayake writes, “The U.S. will soon need to demonstrate its ability as the leading global power to deliver relief when requested overseas.”

CNA InDepth: “Cooperation of Consequence: Lessons from the 2004 Tsunami Response in the Era of COVID-19”

Cooperative Deployments: An Indispensable Tool for Preparing for the High-End Fight

Eleanore Douglas and David Wallsh write, "Combined planning, training, and deployment over extended periods of time provide all parties involved with unparalleled opportunity to test and advance the limits of integration."

CIMSEC: "Cooperative Deployments: An Indispensable Tool for Preparing for the High-End Fight"

The Fateful Triangle

On this episode, Nilanthi Samaranayake and special guest Tanvi Madan of the Brookings Institution join host Bill Rosenau to discuss, the shifting relationship between India, China and the United States during the Cold War.

Coming in from the Cold podcast: “The Fateful Triangle”

CNA In Depth: Symbolism and Capacity: Hospital Ships in the COVID-19 Response

Joshua Tallis writes, “Before considering the question of capacity, it is valuable to clarify two of the key limitations that Comfort and Mercy face in the aftermath of the White House announcement.”

CNA InDepth: “Symbolism and Capacity: Hospital Ships in the COVID-19 Response”

CNA In Depth: Antarctica is the New Arctic: Security and Strategy in the Southern Ocean

Ralph Espach and Nilanthi Samaranayake write, “For decades [Antarctica] was largely ignored and left to scientists by treaty, but it is now increasingly under the eye of China, a rising power keen to establish its presence and score influence within the regional governing system.”

CNA InDepth: “Antarctica is the New Arctic: Security and Strategy in the Southern Ocean”

Holloway’s Contribution to Naval Strategy

Peter Swartz writes, “While certainly the consummate naval operator and joint operations overseer, Admiral Holloway was also a deep and thoughtful naval policy thinker and strategist.”

Pull Together: “Holloway’s Contribution to Naval Strategy”

The Cold War at the Top of the World

On this episode, Steven Wills returns along with Joshua Tallis to discuss with host Bill Rosenau the history of the Cold War in the Arctic, and its implications for modern Arctic security.

Coming in from the Cold podcast: “The Cold War at the Top of the World”

Arctic Infrastructure and Installations

In the fourth episode of our occasional series, "Polar Politics," Ron Filadelfo joins host Joshua Tallis to discuss the future of military infrastructure in the arctic.

Polar Politics podcast: “Arctic Infrastructure and Installations”

Dyna-soars and Brilliant Pebbles: The Cold War in Space

On this episode, from Sputnik to Apollo to Star Wars, we cover the Cold War in space. Steve Wills returns with host Bill Rosenau, joined by special guest Don Brown, who leads the government group at Telesat, a major satellite operator.

Coming in from the Cold podcast: “Dyna-soars and Brilliant Pebbles: The Cold War in Space”

Future U.S.-France Cooperation: Think Indo-Pacific

Nilanthi Samaranayake writes, "Increased coordination in the Indo-Pacific is critical given the Eurasian scope of China's Belt and Road Initiative (BRI), including interests in European ports."

The Diplomat: "Future U.S.-France Cooperation: Think Indo-Pacific"

Dynamic. Distributed. Deadly.

"To learn about the challenges of operating in the Norwegian Sea, CSG-8 sought historical guidance from Navy Warfare Development Command, Naval History and Heritage Command, the Information Warfare Community, and embedded representatives [Dan Whiteneck and Joshua Tallis] from the Center for Naval Analyses (CNA)."

Proceedings: "Dynamic. Distributed. Deadly."

Foreign Policy & Security Tiffin Talk | Understanding the Calculus of Smaller South Asian Countries as India Rises

Nilanthi Samaranayake, "Presented her research, based on case studies, which analysed the foreign policy responses of smaller South Asian countries (i.e. Bangladesh, Nepal, Sri Lanka, Bhutan, and Maldives) towards India's rise in the region."

Brookings: "Foreign Policy & Security Tiffin Talk | Understanding the Calculus of Smaller South Asian Countries as India Rises"

As 'Arctic Exceptionalism' Melts Away, the U.S. Isn't Sure What It Wants Next

Joshua Tallis writes, "Current governance structures like the Arctic Council, which generally include only geographically Arctic nations, may prove insufficient to deal with rising external pressures."

Defense One: "As 'Arctic Exceptionalism' Melts Away, the U.S. Isn't Sure What It Wants Next"

Russia's Interests in the Arctic

In the third episode of our occasional series, "Polar Politics," Jeffrey Edmonds  and Katherine Baughman  join host Joshua Tallis  to discuss Russia's interests and operations in the Polar Regions.

Polar Politics podcast: “Russia's Interests in the Arctic”

Can India and Indonesia Team up to Counter China in the Indo-Pacific?

Nilanthi Samaranayake says India and Indonesia had a, "shared opinion on EEZ [Exclusive Economic Zone] activity, including on Chinese scientific vessels, freedom of navigation, and a shared interpretation of the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS), which would help to bolster cooperation."

South China Morning Post: "Can India and Indonesia Team up to Counter China in the Indo-Pacific?

PBSUCCESS: The 1954 Coup in Guatemala

On this episode, Eleanore Douglas and Georgetown University Professor Sean McFate join Bill Rosenau to discuss Operation PBSUCCESS, a covert operation carried out by CIA that deposed Guatemalan President Jacobo Árbenz, and its implications for the modern security environment.

Coming in from the Cold podcast: “PBSUCCESS: The 1954 Coup in Guatemala”

The Indian Ocean Rorschach Test

Nilanthi Samaranayake writes, "How observers interpret what is taking place in the Indian Ocean depends on their strategic orientation because so much continues to unfold dynamically here in the realms of security, economics, and governance."

Observer Research Foundation: "The Indian Ocean Rorschach Test"

New Futures for Nuclear Arms Control: Hypersonic Weapons

Madison Estes writes, "Novel employment of dual-capable offensive technologies, such as hypersonic weaponry, has emerged alongside this increased vulnerability and threaten to exacerbate force survivability concerns."

Royal United Services Institute: "New Futures for Nuclear Arms Control: Hypersonic Weapons"

Military Exercises in the Arctic

In the second episode of our occasional series, "Polar Politics," Mallory Ladd and Adam Clemens join host Joshua Tallis to discuss their experiences supporting Naval exercises in the Arctic.

Polar Politics podcast: “Military Exercises in the Arctic”

East Asia Forum: "Sri Lanka's Foreign Policy in a New Rajapaksa Era"

Nilanthi Samaranayake writes, "The idea that Sri Lanka can swing toward a pro-India or a pro-China disposition with a change of leadership belies the constraints on smaller South Asian states in a region that is still dominated by India and increasingly contested by China — and where other major powers such as the United States and Japan play critical roles."

East Asia Forum: "Sri Lanka's Foreign Policy in a New Rajapaksa Era"

Great Power Competition in the Arctic and Antarctic

On this first episode of our new occasional series, "Polar Politics," Ralph Espach and Nilanthi Samaranayake  join host Joshua Tallis to discuss the strategic implications of the Polar Regions, in an era of Great Power Competition.

Polar Politics podcast: “Great Power Competition in the Arctic and Antarctic”

Living Under the Cloud

On this episode, Vincent ManzoSteven Wills, and Anya Fink join Bill Rosenau to discuss the history of nuclear weapons, and the events that shaped modern nuclear policy.

Coming in from the Cold podcast: “Living Under the Cloud”

The Navy's Marine Mammal Programs

On this episode, Scott Truver and Ron Filadelfo discuss the Navy's marine mammal programs.

CNA Talks podcast: “The Navy's Marine Mammal Programs”

The 1973 Yom Kippur War

Steven Wills says, "The Syrian and Egyptian navies fired over 50 cruise missiles at Israeli ships and hit nothing while the Israeli navy destroyed both the Egyptian ad Syrian naval forces."

Coming in from the Cold podcast: "The 1973 Yom Kippur War"

A U.S. View on Australia's Role in the Indian Ocean

Nilanthi Samaranayake writes, "Canberra's diplomatic, legal, and military approaches to management of the Indian Ocean part of the Indo-Pacific region will continue to be vital for US interests."

The Interpreter: "A U.S. View on Australia's Role in the Indian Ocean"

U.S. Naval Academy McMullen Naval History Symposium

Steven Wills writes, "The Navy must find a way to allow for the continued study of naval strategy and history, even in periods when it is not at the bow wave of naval and US government civilian interest. Technological expertise and the art of war must find ways to co-exist in the same sea service."

U.S. Naval Academy: "McMullen Naval History Symposium"

Atlantic Council Book Launch Event

Steven Wills says, "It’s important to understand what Russia wants to accomplish with its naval forces as opposed to what we think the Russians might do."

Atlantic Council: "The New Battle for the Atlantic"

Iran-Saudi Crisis Resurrects an Old Question: Does the U.S. Need to Be There at All?

Steven Wills says, "China is probably seeking to fortify that whole area, so keeping a U.S. presence there keeps a check on Chinese operations."

Foreign Policy: "Iran-Saudi Crisis Resurrects an Old Question: Does the U.S. Need to Be There at All?"

CIMSEC Forum for Authors and Readers

Joshua Tallis says, "If we don't think strategically about how you manage and address challenges at the low-end we run the significant risk of failing to respond appropriately when issues arise."

CIMSEC: "Forum for Authors and Readers" [33:33]

CIMSEC Forum for Authors and Readers

Madison Estes says, "If U.S. allies, particularly within NATO that have really large anti-nuclear domestic constituencies, perceive that the United States is mismanaging this relationship with Russia and not really putting forward a serious nuclear risk-reduction strategy, it might become more difficult to really unite NATO allies around a common security strategy."

CIMSEC: "Forum for Authors and Readers" [1:35:25]

Sri Lankans up in Arms over U.S. Military Pacts

Nilanthi Samaranayake says the "agreement under discussion appears aimed at streamlining clearance procedures for visiting U.S. military personnel."

The Diplomat: "Sri Lankans up in Arms over U.S. Military Pacts"

USSTRATCOM Deterrence Symposium 2019

Vince Manzo says, "Deterrence and arms control are two tools that should work in concert with each other, they should be self-reinforcing and part of a comprehensive strategy for reducing nuclear dangers and nuclear risks."

USSTRATCOM Deterrence Symposium 2019: During the Cold War US & Russia constrained nuclear capability via arms control. Are there areas today to consider similar mutual restraint in a multi-polar world?

Political Warfare and Subversion in West Germany

Cornell Overfield says, "The East German leadership did not want a unified Germany. Nevertheless, they pursued these strategies to try to build a resistance in West Germany that would stymie the West German state."

Coming in from the Cold podcast:  Political Warfare and Subversion in West Germany

7 Myths About LCS

Steven Wills writes, "The LCS class was a great leap forward, and in retrospect, it may have pushed too many new frontiers for either the Navy or the 1960s-era defense acquisition system to support."

USNI Proceedings: "7 Myths About LCS"

U.S. Naval Base Rumours in Sri Lanka Spark Alarm as Washington and Beijing Tussle for Influence in Indo-Pacific

Nilanthi Samaranayake says, "The current political tension between the president and prime minister suggests that issues like defence relations have the potential to become highly politicized."

South China Morning Post: "U.S. Naval Base Rumours in Sri Lanka Spark Alarm as Washington and Beijing Tussle for Influence in Indo-Pacific"

Needed: A Trilateral Pact on the Brahmaputra River

Nilanthi Samaranayake writes, "Laying the groundwork for a commission is a necessary first step in addressing the environmental, humanitarian, and geopolitical threats that will only continue to rise in the Brahmaputra River Basin."

Hindustan Times: "Needed: A Trilateral Pact on the Brahmaputra River"

If New START Dies, These Questions Will Need Answers

Vincent Manzo and Madison Estes write, "Verifiable limits on strategic nuclear forces remain valuable, but the spectrum of weapons and actors that could trigger arms competitions and nuclear conflict has expanded beyond the narrow U.S.-Russian arms control framework."

Defense One: "If New START Dies, These Questions Will Need Answers"

In a Naval Confrontation with Iran, Great Britain Can Find Neither Ships nor Friends

Steven Wills says, "Today, European nations are producing 'frigates' that just recently you or I would call 'destroyers,' based on size and, somewhat, on capability."

Defense News: "In a Naval Confrontation with Iran, Great Britain Can Find Neither Ships nor Friends"

U.S. Missile Warning Sats Fair Game If No New START?

According to the CNA report, Nuclear Arms Control Without A Treaty: Risks and Options after New START, "Without New START's cooperative transparency practices, the US intelligence community would likely devote more resources to monitoring Russian strategic nuclear forces but have less insight and less confidence in its analytical judgements."

Breaking Defense: "U.S. Missile Warning Sats Fair Game If No New START?"

Navigating Opportunities for Cooperation on the Brahmaputra River

Nilanthi Samaranayake says, "The Brahmaputra on its own holds high political and geological stakes for three key countries in Asia—China, India, and Bangladesh, none of which have a water-sharing agreement between them for this river's resources."

The National Bureau of Asian Research: "Navigating Opportunities for Cooperation on the Brahmaputra River"

The War For Muddy Waters: The Future of Maritime Security

Joshua Tallis says "We don’t have a coherent send of: What is maritime security as a theoretical issue? As a strategic set? As something that practitioners engage in?"

CNA Talks: "The War For Muddy Waters: The Future of Maritime Security"

International 'Gray Zone' Actions Challenge Blue-Water Navy

Joshua Tallis says the current Navy's strategy and self image does not account for the broader dimension of maritime security and the challenges from non-state actors.

Seapower Magazine: "International 'Gray Zone' Actions Challenge Blue-Water Navy"

Maritime Irregular Warfare: Preparing to Meet Hybrid Maritime Threats

Joshua Tallis says, "We can talk about countering piracy, we can talk about countering terrorism, we can talk about countering narcotics and human trafficking, but how do we talk about the coherence of maritime insecurity?"

Hudson Institute: "Maritime Irregular Warfare: Preparing to Meet Hybrid Maritime Threats"

Running Silent and Algorithmic: The U.S. Navy Strategic Vision in 2019

According to the CNA report, The Origins and Development of A Cooperative Strategy for 21st Century Seapower, CNO Greenert "was looking for a document that was generally authoritative for any audience: The naval officer corps, Capitol Hill, [Office of the Secretary of Defense], friends and allies, potential adversaries . . . whomever."

Naval War College Review: "Running Silent and Algorithmic: The U.S. Navy Strategic Vision in 2019" [pg. 36]

A Closer Look at the Arguments Against the Low-Yield SLBM

Vincent Manzo writes, "Current U.S. limited nuclear response options are consolidated on platforms that face near-term challenges from Russian defenses and whose replacements programs are set to arrive on tight timelines."

Defense One: "A Closer Look at the Arguments Against the Low-Yield SLBM"

A 'World-Class' Military: Assessing China's Global Military Ambitions

According to the CNA report, Nuclear Arms Control without a Treaty? Risks and Options After NEW START, "The collapse of New START could, in theory, push Beijing toward strategic nuclear dialogue with the United States, especially if the alternative would be unrestrained competition with a much more powerful nuclear contender."

Testimony before the US-China Economic and Security Review Commission: "A 'World-Class' Military: Assessing China's Global Military Ambitions"

Analyst: New Photos Are 'Smoking Gun' Proving Iranian Involvement in Tanker Attack

Scott Truver says, "I have no doubt and I've talked to some of [explosive, ordnance and disposal] friends and we're all in agreement – it's a smoking gun."

USNI News: "Analyst: New Photos Are 'Smoking Gun' Proving Iranian Involvement in Tanker Attack"

The Case for Maritime Security in an Era of Great Power Competition

Joshua Tallis writes, "These forecasts are unequivocally telling us that dense, networked, and littoral communities are an emerging global force."

CIMSEC: "The Case for Maritime Security in an Era of Great Power Competition"

Modi Eyes Fiercer Rivalry with China over Neighbors in Second Term

Nilanthi Samaranayake says, "These countries will be looking to Prime Minister Modi to deliver on outstanding bilateral issues, such as finally signing the Teesta River accord with Bangladesh and resolving fishing disputes with Sri Lanka."

Nikkei Asian Review: "Modi Eyes Fiercer Rivalry with China over Neighbors in Second Term"

India, Not China, Is Still the Dominant Power in South Asia

Nilanthi Samaranayake writes, "New Delhi's prerogatives are a factor in the smaller South Asian (SSA) countries' decision making that cannot be underestimated, despite China's expanding range of activities in the region."

Forbes: "India, Not China, Is Still the Dominant Power in South Asia"

Nuclear Weapons Are Getting Less Predictable, and More Dangerous

According to the CNA report, Nuclear Arms Control Without a Treaty? Risks and Options After New START, "Without New START's cooperative transparency practices, the U.S. intelligence community would likely devote more resources to monitoring Russian strategic nuclear forces but have less insight and less confidence in its analytical judgements."

Defense One: "Nuclear Weapons Are Getting Less Predictable, and More Dangerous"

Pompeo Crashes Brussels Meeting of E.U. Diplomats but Changes Few Minds on Iran

Scott Truver says, "They're [mines] very insidious. Once they're put in the water, they're very hard to detect and hard to defeat."

Washington Post: "Pompeo Crashes Brussels Meeting of E.U. Diplomats but Changes Few Minds on Iran"

Nuclear Arms Control after NEW START

Vincent Manzo says, "It is possible we could lose strategic nuclear arms control just as the US-Russia relationship is becoming more confrontational than any time since the end of the Cold War, so we need to begin preparing for a world in which there is significant competition with Russia, but no strategic nuclear arms control treaty."

CNA National Security Seminar: "Nuclear Arms Control after New Start"

CNA Talks Podcast: The Easter Sunday Bombings

Nilanthi Samaranayake and Alexander Powell join CNA Talks to discuss the tragic terrorist attacks on Easter Sunday in Sri Lanka. Nilanthi provides necessary cultural context discussing the ethnic and religious makeup of the country, and points out that most Sri Lanka observers did not expect to see an attack targeting Christians. Alexander than compares the attack to ISIS actions in other countries in South East Asia. Finally, they both discuss how Sri Lanka might move forward politically and economically. http://cna.libsyn.com/cna-talks-sri-lanka

The U.S. Navy in Review

Scott Truver writes, "If the Navy is serious about competing in and winning this latest strategic competition, then both the appetite and the aperture for change will have to accelerate."

Proceedings: "The U.S. Navy in Review"

A Naval Strategist Speaks

Peter Swartz says, "Part of the reason I don't finish is because I read something else that gets me mad, and causes me to reflect, and I charge off researching that instead of finishing up the last piece."

Proceedings: "A Naval Strategist Speaks"

Progressives in Navy Blue and Learning War Book Reviews

Peter Swartz writes, "While Mobley unearths more fascinating early war plans, and Hone gives us more at-sea combat actions, both books are really about the development of the thinking of previous generations of U.S. Navy officers."

Proceedings: "Progressives in Navy Blue and Learning War Book Reviews"

Proceedings Podcast Episode 78 - Peter Swartz Talks Naval Strategy

Peter Swartz says, "The CNA guys were using open sources, Russian open sources, and pooh-poohed for that. And it turned out that the Russian open sources, for the very reasons that they had always argued, turned out to be the most accurate place to go for your stuff."

U.S. Naval Institute: "Proceedings Podcast Episode 78 - Peter Swartz Talks Naval Strategy" [36:33]

Securing the Maritime Silk Road in South Asia and the Indian Ocean

Nilanthi Samaranayake writes, "Despite the limits of China's current presence and the challenges to its expansion, U.S. policymakers should not ignore the possibility that Chinese activities to secure the Maritime Silk Road could increase and destabilize the region."

The National Bureau of Asian Research: "Securing the Maritime Silk Road in South Asia and the Indian Ocean"

Stateside: Careful Picking Friends When Times Are Tough

Nilanthi Samaranayake writes that, "Countries whose leaders pursue infrastructure through debt financing have responsibility for those decisions and for sustainable economic policies."

Tribune 242: "Stateside: Careful Picking Friends When Times Are Tough"

China in a World with No U.S.-Russia Treaty-Based Arms Control

According to the CNA report, Nuclear Arms Control Without a Treaty? Risks and Options After New START, "The end of transparency and verification measures could generate mutual worst-case thinking and planning in the United States and Russia on strategic nuclear weapons."

Carnegie-Tsinghua: "China in a World with No U.S.-Russia Treaty-Based Arms Control"

Hybrid Threats and the Constabularization of Strategy

Joshua Tallis writes, "Partnership is not zero-sum, and pursuing a local agenda helps ensure long-term buy-in from authorities and the people they will rely on to help keep communities safe."

The Strategy Bridge: "Hybrid Threats and the Constabularization of Strategy"

"Joining CNA in the early 1990s, Swartz earned a reputation as an expert on Navy strategy, policy, and operations and on military history, organization, and culture."
Pull Together: "Peter M. Swartz: Using Naval History to Develop Maritime Strategy"

Vincent Manzo says, "These treaties help reduce suspicion and fear. They help both countries [The U.S. and Russia] have confidence that they have the forces they need today and out into the future."
WNPV: "Scientist: Tumultuous Time for Arms Control"

Nilanthi Samaranayake writes, "As it works more closely with the smaller South Asian countries, the United States will need to take a nuanced approach toward China's expanding role in the region and should not necessarily view Chinese investments and loans as a direct threat to US influence."
United States Institute of Peace: "China's Engagement with Smaller South Asian Countries"

Vince Manzo says, "I do see based on both country's policies the United States and Russia having strong incentives to exceed New START levels without a treaty." (3:37:09)
CSIS: "The Future of Arms Control"

Vince Manzo writes, "The United States, Russia, and China are all beginning to grapple with the technologies and trends that underlie entanglement."
H-Diplo: "Article Review 113 on 'Escalation through Entanglement: How Vulnerability of Command-and-Control Systems Raises the Risks of an Inadvertent Nuclear War.'"

In an article about the CNA study, Nuclear Arms Control Without A Treaty? Risks and Options after New START, Vince Manzo says, "Increased opacity between U.S. and Russian strategic nuclear forces would unfold within the broader context of growing mistrust and diverging perceptions about strategy, intentions, and perceptions."
Reuters: "Treaty's End Would Give U.S., Russia Impetus to Make More Nukes: Study"

In a new report, CNA's Vince Manzo analyzes the future of nuclear arms control without a treaty. As of today, there is just one nuclear arms control treaty in place between the U.S. and Russia – New START – and it is uncertain if President Trump or Vladimir Putin are willing to extend or renew the current treaty, set to expire in 2021. Read more.

War on the Rocks publishes Vince Manzo and John Warden’s “Want to Avoid Nuclear War? Reject Mutual Vulnerability with North Korea.”

Breaking Defense quotes Steven Wills in “LCS Lives: They Still Count in Age of Frigates.”

USNI publishes Peter Swartz's review of Sea Power: The History and Geopolitics of the World’s Oceans in Proceedings Magazine.

Proceedings Magazine publishes “The US Navy in Review” (pg. 60-68) and “Navy Delivers Message" (pg. 161) co-authored by Scott Truver.

CIMSEC publishes “Is Somali Piracy Back?” by Joshua Tallis.