Piracy, Illegal Fishing, and Maritime Insecurity in Somalia, Kenya, and Tanzania
Long coastlines, porous borders, a lack of government capacity, weak enforcement mechanisms, corruption, and other factors have enabled illegal, unreported, and unregulated (IUU) fishing to thrive in Somalia’s waters. The same factors have allowed other transnational threats to develop in Somalia—and spread further south into Kenya and Tanzania.
This study, which draws on extensive field research along the East African littoral, identifies and analyzes linkages between piracy and IUU fishing. In addition, the report examines the role of the maritime sector in facilitating the illegal movement of drugs, weapons, and people through the region. This study also highlights the role of small vessels in a system that transports terrorists from al-Shabaab, al-Qaeda’s East Africa affiliate, to and from Somalia.