Civil Power in Irregular Conflict
Irregular conflict has emerged since the end of the Cold War as an enduring feature of an increasingly globalized world. The need to respond effectively to irregular conflicts that threaten core U.S. national security interests has, in turn, driven a rapidly growing U.S. interest in counterinsurgency and stability operations as a vehicle for addressing irregular conflict, and for promoting the stabilization and reconstruction of post-conflict states. Ongoing major military operations in both Iraq and Afghanistan lend urgency to the need for better understanding of irregular conflict, and of counterinsurgency and stability operations as a component of U.S. foreign policy and national security strategy. This need has been reflected in the promulgation of DoDD 3000.05 (“Military Support for Stability, Security, Transition, and Reconstruction Operations”) and NSPD-44 (“Management of Interagency Efforts Concerning Stabilization and Reconstruction”) in 2005, the publication of FM 3-24 (Counterinsurgency) in 2006, and the publication of FM 3-07 (Stability Operations) in 2008.
This book explores the relationship between irregular conflict and three key components of stability operations: support to governance, including reconciliation efforts, security sector reform (SSR), and promoting economic development. It articulates the outcomes of a series of events beginning in 2008 with workshops on Governance, SSR and Economic Development cosponsored by CNA and the U.S. Army Peacekeeping and Stability Operations Institute (PKSOI). The events culminated in a broader conference in Washington, D.C., on Building Capacity in Stability Operations in April of 2009, sponsored by CNA, PKSOI, and the Association of the United States Army (AUSA). Keynote speakers at this event included U.S. Undersecretary of Defense for Policy Ms. Michelle Flournoy, U.S. Army Vice Chief of Staff General Peter W. Chiarelli, and Mr. Asif M. Shaikh, President of International Resources Group.