The intent of this report is to provide the appropriate type of information—at the appropriate level of granularity—in order to inform U.S. government efforts to develop more effective approaches to countering Boko Haram. The goal is to help U.S. planners and decision-makers understand the conflict as an interconnected system and, eventually, to develop targeted, conflict-sensitive strategies for assisting the Nigerian government. Specifically, this report seeks to diagnose and dissect the conflict by identifying relevant political, economic, social, and security factors at work in northeast Nigeria, by analyzing how key actors mobilize grievances and institutional resiliencies to drive or mitigate conflict, and by forecasting how conflict dynamics might evolve in the future.
This study follows CNA Corporation’s 2013 analysis of changes in a class of cadets at the Washington Youth Academy (WYA) National Guard Youth ChalleNGe Program (ChalleNGe). It analyzes data from a second class of cadets and draws conclusions regarding how participation in ChalleNGe affects youths’ cognitive and noncognitive growth. It also looks at the relationship between cognitive and noncognitive measures and the predictive power of noncognitive skills.
The proper investigation and review of use of force incidents, especially those involving deadly force, can have a significant impact on a police department's legitimacy and relationship with its community. The assessment leading to this report was conducted by the U.S. Department of Justice Office of Community Oriented Policing Services (COPS Office) and the CNA Corporation at the request of the Spokane (Washington) Police Department, examining the department's policies and procedures to identify areas for improvement and provide recommendations; analyzing a sample of use of force investigations from a five-year period to identify trends, strengths, and weaknesses; examining the role of the ombudsman in use of force investigations; and improving the department's culture as it relates to the use of force to build trust with the community. The goal of the review was ultimately to improve the use of force processes in the Spokane Police Department.
The Florida College and Career Readiness Initiative is a statewide policy that mandates college placement testing of 11th-graders who meet high school graduation criteria but are unlikely to meet college readiness criteria. Students who score below college-ready on the Postsecondary Education Readiness Test (PERT) are required to take math and English/language arts college readiness and success courses in 12th grade. This report discusses qualitative feedback from students, teachers, district administrators, and college faculty and staff from the 2013/14 school year. It examines how educators perceive the effectiveness of the initiative and barriers to implementation, what the grade 12 courses look like in practice, how K–12 and postsecondary institutions collaborate around the initiative, what types of promising practices Florida’s state colleges use to prepare students for college and careers, and what high school students think could be done to better prepare them for post–high school plans.