*Also a member of CNA's Military Advisory Board for the
report National Security and the Threat of Climate Change
Former Deputy Commander, Headquarters U.S. European Command (USEUCOM)
Chairman, CNA Military Advisory Board
From 2001 to 2002 General Wald was deputy chief of staff for air and space operations at the Pentagon, and from December 2002 until his retirement in 2006 he was deputy commander, Headquarters U.S. European Command, Stuttgart, Germany. USEUCOM is responsible for all U.S. forces operating across 91 countries in Europe, Africa, Russia, parts of Asia and the Middle East, and most of the Atlantic Ocean.
General Wald commanded the 31st Fighter Wing at Aviano Air Base, Italy, where on Aug. 30, 1995, he led one of the wing's initial strike packages against the ammunition depot at Pale, Bosnia-Herzegovina, in one of the first NATO combat operations. General Wald commanded the Ninth Air Force and U.S. Central Command Air Forces, Shaw Air Force Base, South Carolina, where he led the development of the Afghanistan air campaign for Operation Enduring Freedom, including the idea of embedding tactical air control parties in ground special operations forces.
He has combat time as an O-2A forward air controller in Vietnam and as an F-16 pilot flying over Bosnia. The general has served as a T-37 instructor pilot and F-15 flight commander. Other duties include chief of the U.S. Air Force Combat Terrorism Center, support group commander, operations group commander, and special assistant to the chief of staff for National Defense Review. He was also the director of strategic planning and policy at Headquarters U.S. Air Force, and served on the Joint Staff as the vice director for strategic plans and policy.
General Wald is a command pilot with more than 3,600 flying hours, including more than 430 combat hours over Vietnam, Cambodia, Laos, Iraq, and Bosnia. The general earned his commission through the Air Force ROTC program in 1971.
Currently, General Wald serves as president of Wald and Associates, an international management consulting and strategic planning firm, and is an adjunct lecturer at the Atlantic Council. He is also a member of the Bipartisan Policy Center, National Commission on Energy Policy, and the Securing America's Future Energy Commission.
Former Deputy Commander in Chief of U.S. Forces in Europe
General Charles G. Boyd, U.S. Air Force (Ret.), became president and chief executive officer of Business Executives for National Security (BENS) on May 1, 2002. Before joining BENS, he served as senior vice president and Washington program director of the Council on Foreign Relations.
General Boyd was commissioned through the aviation cadet program in July 1960 and retired in 1995 after 35 years of service. A combat pilot in Vietnam, he was shot down on his 105th mission and survived 2,488 days as a prisoner of war. He is the only POW from that war to achieve the four-star rank.
General Boyd's final military assignment was as deputy commander in chief of U.S. forces in Europe. His other assignments as a general officer include vice commander of Strategic Air Command's 8th Air Force, director of plans at Headquarters U.S. Air Force in Washington, D.C., and commander of Air University at Maxwell Air Force Base, Alabama. He is a command pilot with more than 3,000 flight hours.
Following retirement from active duty, he served as Director of the 21st Century International Legislators Project for the Congressional Institute, Inc. and strategy consultant to then Speaker of the House, Newt Gingrich. In July 1998 he became executive director of the Hart-Rudman National Security Commission, which foresaw the growing terrorist threat to the United States well before the September 11, 2001 attacks and advocated priority attention be devoted to homeland security.
His military decorations include the Air Force Cross, Distinguished Service Medal, Silver Star with oak leaf cluster, Bronze Star with combat "V" and two oak leaf clusters, Distinguished Flying Cross, and the Purple Heart with two oak leaf clusters.
General Boyd is a member of the Board of Directors of the Nixon Center, DRS Technologies, Inc., Forterra Systems, Inc. and In-Q-Tel. He is a member of the USAF Air University Board of Visitors; is Chairman of the Board of Trustees for the Air University Foundation; and serves on the Transformation Advisory Group for U.S. Joint Forces Command as well as the U.S. European Command Senior Advisory Group.
A native of Iowa, he is a graduate of the University of Kansas and the Air War College, and of Harvard’s Program for Senior Executives in National and International Security.
Former Deputy Chief of Staff for Plans and Programs, Headquarters U.S. Air Force
Prior to his retirement from the Air Force in 1998, General Farrell served as the deputy chief of staff for plans and programs, Headquarters U.S. Air Force, Washington, D.C. He was responsible for planning, programming and manpower activities within the corporate Air Force and for integrating the Air Force's future plans and requirements to support national security objectives and military strategy.
Previous positions include vice commander, Air Force Materiel Command, Wright-Patterson Air Force Base, Ohio, and deputy director, Defense Logistics Agency, Arlington, Virginia. He also served as deputy chief of staff for plans and programs at Headquarters U.S. Air Force in Europe.
A command pilot with more than 3,000 flying hours, he flew 196 missions in Southeast Asia and commanded the 401st Tactical Fighter Wing at Torrejon Air Base, Spain. He was also the system program manager for the F-4 and F-16 weapons systems with the Air Force Logistics Command at Hill Air Force Base, Utah.
General Farrell is a graduate of the Air Force Academy with a bachelor's degree in engineering and an MBA from Auburn University. Other education includes the National War College and the Harvard Program for Executives in National Security.
General Farrell became the president and CEO of the National Defense Industrial Association in September 2001.
Former Commanding General, U.S. Army Materiel Command
General Kern had three combat tours: two in Vietnam as a platoon leader and troop commander, and one as commander of the Second Brigade of the 24th Infantry in Desert Shield/Desert Storm which played a pivotal role in the historic attack on the Jalibah Airfield, allowing the Twenty-Fourth Infantry Division to secure key objectives deep inside of Iraq. He also served as the assistant division commander of the division after its redeployment to Fort Stewart, Georgia.
General Kern's assignments included senior military assistant to Secretary of Defense William Perry, accompanying the Secretary to more than 70 countries, meeting numerous heads of state, foreign ministers, and international defense leaders. He participated in U.S. operations in Haiti, Rwanda, Zaire, and the Balkans, and helped promote military relations in Central and Eastern Europe, South America, China, and the Middle East.
General Kern received the Defense and Army Distinguished Service Medals, Silver Star, Defense Superior Service Medal, Legion of Merit, two Bronze Star Medals for valor, three Bronze Star Medals for service in combat, and three Purple Hearts. He has been awarded the Society of Automotive Engineers Teeter Award, the Alumni Society Medal from the University of Michigan, and the German Cross of Honor of the Federal Armed Forces (Gold).
A native of West Orange, New Jersey, General Kern was commissioned as an armor lieutenant following graduation from West Point in 1967. He holds master's degrees in both civil and mechanical engineering from the University of Michigan, and was a Senior Security Fellow at Harvard’s John F. Kennedy School of Government.
He is an adviser to Battelle Memorial Institute and holds the Chair of the Class of 1950 for Advanced Technology at the United States Military Academy. He is also a member of the Cohen Group, which provides strategic advice and guidance to corporate clients.
Former Commander, Air Combat Command
General Keys’ last assignment was as Commander, Air Combat Command, the Air Force’s largest major command. He was responsible for organizing, training, equipping, and maintaining combat-ready forces for rapid deployment and employment for more than 1,200 aircraft, 27 wings, 17 bases and 200 operating locations worldwide with 105,000 active-duty and civilian personnel.
General Keys is a distinguished graduate of Kansas State University's ROTC program and was commissioned in 1967. He is also an outstanding graduate of undergraduate pilot training. He is a command pilot with more than 4,000 flying hours in four fighter types, including more than 300 hours of combat time in Southeast Asia.
In his forty-year career, he commanded a fighter squadron, the U.S. Air Force Fighter Weapons School, an F-15 wing, an A-10 and F-16 wing, the Combat Air Forces Operational Test and Evaluation Wing, a numbered air force, and Allied Air Forces Southern Europe. He also was the first commander of the Air Force Doctrine Center, and served as an executive assistant to the Air Force Chief of Staff and to an Assistant Secretary of Defense. Prior to his last assignment, he was Deputy Chief of Staff for Air and Space Operations, Headquarters U.S. Air Force, Washington, D.C.
General Keys holds a bachelor’s degree from Kansas State University and a master’s degree in business administration from Golden Gate University. He has completed numerous professional military education courses, and participated in the National and International Security Seminar at Harvard’s John F. Kennedy School of Government, and in the Center for Creative Leadership’s “Leadership at the Peak” in Colorado Springs.
Among his personal decorations are two Defense Distinguished Service Medals, two Distinguished Service Medals, two Legions of Merit, two Distinguished Flying Crosses, and seventeen Air Medals. In September 2007, he received the Air Force Association's most prestigious annual award — the H. H. Arnold Award — as the military member who had made the most significant contribution to national defense.
General Keys is an independent consultant with RK Solution Enterprises, and joined the Bipartisan Policy Center as a senior advisor in February 2008.
Former Commander-in-Chief, U.S. Naval Forces Europe and of Allied Forces, Southern Europe
Admiral Lopez's naval career included tours as commander-in-chief of U.S. Naval Forces Europe and commander-in-chief, Allied Forces, Southern Europe from 1996 to 1998. He commanded all U.S. and Allied Bosnia Peace Keeping Forces in 1996; he served as deputy chief of naval operations for resources, warfare requirements and assessments in 1994 to 1996,; commander of the U.S. Sixth Fleet in 1992 to 1993; and senior military assistant to the secretary of defense in 1990 to 1992.
Admiral Lopez was awarded numerous medals and honors, including two Defense Distinguished Service Medals, two Navy Distinguished Service Medals, three Legion of Merits, the Bronze Star (Combat V), three Navy Commendation Medals (Combat V) and the Combat Action Ribbon. He is one of just two flag officers in the history of the U.S. Navy to achieve four-star rank after direct commission from enlisted service.
He holds a bachelor's degree (cum laude) in international relations and a master's degree in management. He has been awarded an honorary doctorate degree in humanities from West Virginia Institute of Technology and an honorary degree in information technology from Potomac State College of West Virginia University.
Admiral Lopez is president of Information Manufacturing Corporation, an information technology service integrator with offices in Fairfax, Virginia, nd Rocket Center, West Virginia.
Assistant Commandant of the Marine Corps
General Magnus served as Assistant Commandant of the Marine Corps from September 8, 2005 – July 2, 2008.
General Magnus is a graduate of the University of Virginia (1969) and Strayer College (1993). His formal military education includes Naval Aviator Training, U.S. Marine Corps Command and Staff College, and the National War College.
General Magnus' operational assignments include: Intelligence Officer, HMM-264; Operations Officer, H&MS-15 SAR Detachment, Task Force Delta, Nam Phong, Thailand; Training Officer, SOES, MCAS Quantico; Aviation afety Officer, MAG-26 and HMM-263; Weapons and Tactics Instructor, MAG-26 and HMM-261; Operations Officer, MAG-29; Commanding Officer, HMM-365; Commander, Marine Corps Air Bases Western Area; and Deputy Commander, Marine Forces Pacific.
His staff assignments include: Aviation Assault Medium Lift Requirements Officer; Chief, Logistics Readiness Center, Joint Staff; Executive Assistant to the Director of the Joint Staff; Head, Aviation Plans and Programs Branch; Assistant Deputy Chief of Staff for Aviation; Assistant Deputy Commandant for Plans, Policies, and Operations; and Deputy Commandant for Programs and Resources.
Deputy Chief of Naval Operations, Warfare Requirements and Programs
Vice Admiral McGinn is a Senior Fellow in International Security, at the Rocky Mountain Institute (RMI). He is working with RMI CEO Amory Lovins and other policy experts on national security issues.
He is 1967 graduate of the United States Naval Academy, attended the Naval War College and Harvard’s Program for Senior Officials in National Security, and served as a chief of naval operations fellow on the Strategic Studies Group. He is also a designated naval aviator, test pilot, and national security strategist.
In 1995 Vice Admiral McGinn served as commander, Carrier Group One, responsible for operational training and combat readiness for all Pacific Fleet carrier battle groups. He was assigned as director of the Air Warfare Division in the Office of the Chief of Naval Operations in 1996, and, in 1998, became commander of the U.S. Third Fleet.
In 2000 he assumed duties as the deputy chief of naval operations, warfare requirements and programs.
Former Vice Chief of Naval Operations
Admiral Nathman, a native of San Antonio, Texas, graduated with distinction from the United States Naval Academy in 1970. In 1972, he qualified as a carrier aviator, receiving the Naval Training Command's Outstanding Pilot Graduate Award while also completing a Master of Science degree in Aerospace Engineering. He has served in a variety of sea, shore and joint assignments and flown over 40 different types of aircraft during his career.
As a carrier pilot, Admiral Nathman flew the F-4 Phantom with VF-213 and the F-14 Tomcat with VF-51. He commanded VFA-132 flying from the USS Coral Sea, leading his squadron in the first F/A-18 combat sorties against Libya in 1986. He reported to the USS Nimitz (CVN 68) in 1987 as Executive Officer and subsequently assumed command of USS La Salle (AGF 3), the flagship for Commander, Middle East Force, during Operations Desert Shield and Desert Storm. He returned to the carrier Nimitz as her Commanding Officer from 1992-1994.
Ashore, Adm. Nathman graduated with distinction in 1976 from the U.S. Air Force Test Pilot School at Edwards Air Force Base. He then served as an instructor pilot at Topgun and oversaw the advanced tactical training of naval aviators. From 1982-1984 he was the senior naval test pilot flying all MiG aircraft with the 4477 Test and Evaluation Squadron at Nellis Air Force and Tonopah, Nevada. He served briefly in the Pentagon in 1991 as the Director for Navy Fighter requirements.
After his selection to Flag rank in 1994, Admiral Nathman served on the NATO staff of Commander, Allied Forces Southern Europe and as Director of Logistics for Commander, NATO Implementation Force during its deployment to Bosnia. He also commanded Carrier Group 7, Nimitz Carrier Strike Group and Battle Force FIFTY in the Persian Gulf, and subsequently served as Director, Air Warfare on the Chief of Naval Operations staff.
Promoted to Vice Admiral in August 2000, he commanded Naval Air Force, U.S. Pacific Fleet and was later designated the first Commander, Naval Air Forces. Afterward, he returned to the Pentagon as the Deputy Chief of Naval Operations for Warfare Requirements and Programs.
Promoted to Admiral, Nathman served as the 33rd Vice Chief of Naval Operations and most recently commanded all U.S. Fleet Forces from February 2005 until May 2007.
His personal decorations include the Distinguished Service Medal (four awards), Defense Superior Service Medal, Legion of Merit (four awards), Bronze Star with Combat V, Defense Meritorious Service Medal, Meritorious Service Medal (three awards), Navy Commendation Medal with Combat V (two awards) and the Air Force Achievement Medal in addition to numerous campaign and unit awards.
Former Principal Deputy to the Navy Acquisition Executive
Oliver completed a distinguished career in the U.S. Navy in 1995, retiring as a Rear Admiral (Upper Half) in 1995. He served at sea aboard both diesel-electric and nuclear submarines, commanding a nuclear submarine as well as two submarine groups, one in Japan and one in San Diego, and was the Chief of Staff for our Fleet in the Far East. His final military tour was as Principal Deputy to the Navy Acquisition Executive.
His military decorations include the Defense and Navy Distinguished Service Medals as well as six awards of the Legion of Merit. His awards for public service include the Bronze Palm to the Department of Defense Award for Distinguished Public Service as well as the Army and the Navy Public Service Awards.
Oliver served in Iraq as the Director of Management and Budget for the Coalition Forces. Previously, he served the Clinton and Bush Administrations as Principal Deputy Undersecretary of Defense for Acquisition, Technology and Logistics, a position the Senate confirmed him to after his work as an executive at Northrop Grumman Corporation. He currently is Executive Vice President for EADS North America and serves on the Boards of Directors for American Superconductor Corporation and Stratos Global Corporation. He is also the author of an instruction primer for political appointees, Making It in Washington; his wife’s biography, Wide Blue Ribbon; and a management book, Lead On.
Mr. Oliver’s undergraduate training was from the United States Naval Academy; he subsequently he received a Master of Arts in Political Science and International Affairs (specializing in the Middle East) from American University.
Former Chief of Staff, U.S. Army
Former Chairman, CNA Military Advisory Board
General Sullivan was the 32nd chief of staff—the senior general officer in the Army and a member of the Joint Chiefs of Staff. As the chief of staff of the Army, he created the vision and led the team that helped transition the Army from its Cold War posture.
His professional military education includes the U.S. Army Armor School Basic and Advanced Courses, the Command and General Staff College, and the Army War College.
During his Army career, General Sullivan also served as vice chief of staff in 1990 to 1991; deputy chief of staff for operations and plans in 1989 to 1990; commanding general, First Infantry Division (Mechanized), Fort Riley, Kansas, in 1988 to 1989; deputy commandant, U.S. Army Command nd General Staff College, Fort Leavenworth, Kansas, in 1987 to 1988; and assistant commandant, U.S. Army Armor School, Fort Knox, Kentucky, from 1983 to 1985.
His overseas assignments included four tours in Europe, two in Vietnam and one in Korea. He served as chief of staff to Secretary of Defense Dick Cheney in the administration of President George H.W. Bush.
General Sullivan was commissioned a second lieutenant of armor and awarded a bachelor’s degree in history from Norwich University in 1959. He holds a master's degree in political science from the University of New Hampshire.
General Sullivan is the president and chief operating officer of the Association of the United States Army, headquartered in Arlington, Virginia. He assumed his current position in 1998 after serving as president of Coleman Federal in Washington, D.C.
Former NASA Administrator, Shuttle Astronaut and the first Commander of the Naval Space Command
Admiral Truly served as NASA's eighth administrator from 1989 to 1992, and his career in aviation and space programs of the U.S. Navy and NASA spanned 35 years. He retired as a vice admiral after a Navy career of more than thirty years. As a naval aviator, test pilot and astronaut, he logged over 7,500 hours and made over 300 carrier-arrested landings, day and night.
Admiral Truly was the first commander of Naval Space Command from 1983 to 1986 and became the first naval component commander of U.S. Space Command upon its formation in 1984. While still on active duty following the Challenger accident, he was called back to NASA as associate administrator for space flight in 1986 and led the accident investigation. He spearheaded the painstaking rebuilding of the space shuttle, including winning approval from President Reagan and the Congress for building of Endeavor to replace the lost Challenger. In 1989, President Reagan awarded him the Presidential Citizen's Medal.
Truly's astronaut career included work in the Air Force's Manned Orbiting Laboratory program, and NASA's Apollo, Skylab, Apollo-Soyuz and Space Shuttle programs. He piloted the 747/Enterprise approach and landing tests in 1977, and lifted off in November 1981 as pilot of Columbia, the first shuttle to be re-flown into space, establishing a world circular orbit altitude record. He commanded Challenger in August-September 1983, the first night launch/landing mission of the Space Shuttle program.
He served as vice president of the Georgia Institute of Technology and director of the Georgia Tech Research Institute from 1992-1997. Admiral Truly retired in January 2005 as director of the Department of Energy's National Renewable Energy Laboratory.
Truly is a member of the National Academy of Engineering. He has previously served on the board of visitors to the U.S. Naval Academy, the Defense Policy Board, the Army Science Board, and the Naval Studies Board. He is a member of the National Research Council Space Studies Board, a trustee of Regis niversity and the University Corporation for Atmospheric Research, and a member of the advisory committee to the Colorado School of Mines Board of Trustees.
Former Deputy Undersecretary of Defense for Environmental Security
Executive Director, CNA Military Advisory Board
Sherri Goodman is general counsel and corporate secretary of CNA, and executive director of the CNA’s Military Advisory Board.
Ms. Goodman served as deputy undersecretary of Defense (Environmental Security) from 1993-2001. As the chief environmental, safety, and occupational health officer for the Department of Defense, Ms. Goodman was responsible for over $5 billion in annual defense spending, including programs on energy efficiency and climate change, cleanup at active and closing bases, compliance with environmental laws, environmental cooperation with foreign militaries, and conservation of natural and cultural resources. Ms. Goodman has twice received the DoD medal for Distinguished Public Service, the Gold Medal from the National Defense Industrial Association, and EPA’s Climate Change Award.
From 1987-90, Ms. Goodman served on the staff of the Senate Armed ervices Committee. Working for Committee Chairman Senator Sam Nunn, her responsibilities included oversight of Department of Energy nuclear weapons research, development, production and environmental remediation, as well as ratification of nuclear arms control treaties. She also practiced law at Goodwin Procter and worked as a defense analyst at RAND and SAIC.
Ms. Goodman serves on the boards of the Atlantic Council of the U.S., Energy & Environmental Systems of the National Academy of Sciences, Marshall Legacy Institute, and the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution. She is a life member of the Council on Foreign Relations. She served on the Council on Foreign Relations’ Task Force, Confronting Climate Change: A Strategy for U.S. Foreign Policy.
Ms. Goodman is the author of The Neutron Bomb Controversy: A Study in Alliance Politics (New York: Praeger, 1983) and has published articles on climate change, energy, environmental security, and nuclear waste cleanup in a wide variety of publications, including The Washington Post, The National Interest and Defense News. She has interviewed with the major news media, including NPR, CNN, ABC, BBC, Discovery’s Planet Green Channel, and This Week in Defense News, and has testified before numerous House and Senate committees on climate change, energy security, national security and environmental security.
Ms. Goodman has been an adjunct lecturer in international affairs and security at the Kennedy School of Government. She was an adjunct research fellow at the Center for Science and International Affairs at the Kennedy School of Government.
Ms. Goodman received a J.D. cum laude from the Harvard Law School and a master’s in Public Policy from Harvard's John F. Kennedy School of Government. She received her Bachelor of Arts summa cum laude from Amherst College.