Military Advisory Board Members

General Gordon R. Sullivan, USA (Ret.), CNA MAB Chairman***

Vice Admiral Dennis McGinn, USN (Ret.), CNA MAB Vice Chairman**

Admiral Steve Abbot, USN (Ret.)

Admiral Frank L. “Skip” Bowman, USN (Ret.)*

Major General Russell Fuhrman, USA (Ret.)

Brigadier General Gerald E. Galloway, Jr., USA (Ret.)

Vice Admiral Lee Gunn, USN (Ret.)

General Paul Kern, USA (Ret.)***

General Ronald Keys, USAF (Ret.)**

Admiral T. Joseph Lopez, USN (Ret.)***

General Robert Magnus, USMC (Ret.)**

Admiral John Nathman, USN (Ret.)**

Vice Admiral Roger Rufe, USCG (Ret.)

Lieutenant General Clyde A. Vaughn, USA (Ret.)

General Charles F. “Chuck” Wald, USAF (Ret.)***

Ms. Sherri Goodman, CNA MAB Executive Director***

Asterisks denote membership on CNA's Military Advisory Board for the report(s)
***National Security and the Threat of Climate Change and
    Powering America’s Defense: Energy and the Risks to National Security
**Powering America’s Defense: Energy and the Risks to National Security
*National Security and the Threat of Climate Change



General Sullivan is the President and Chief Operating Officer of the Association of the United States Army, headquartered in Arlington, Virginia. Since assuming the presidency in 1998, General Sullivan has overseen the transformation of the Association into a dynamic 100,000+ individual and 500+ sustaining member organization that represents Soldiers, families, and the defense industry.

His responsibilities as President and Chief Operating Officer encompass both daily business operating and strategy planning for the largest Army-oriented non-profit association. The Association promotes and advocates programs for Soldiers and their families, creates opportunities for Army-Industry and professional dialog; advocates public awareness of Army and national security issues through its educational mission and maintains an outreach program to national leadership on critical issues pertinent to Army readiness.

Born in Boston, Massachusetts on 25 September 1937 and raised in Quincy. He was commissioned a second lieutenant of Armor and awarded a Bachelor of Arts degree in history from Norwich University in 1959. He holds a Master of Arts degree in political science from the University of New Hampshire. His professional military education includes the U.S. Army Armor School Basic and Advanced Courses, the Command and General Staff College, and the Army War College.

General Sullivan retired from the Army on 31 July 1995 after more than 36 years of active service. He culminated his service in uniform as the 32nd Chief of Staff—the senior general officer in the Army—and a member of the Joint Chiefs of Staff.

He is the co-author, with Michael V. Harper, of Hope Is Not a Method (Random House, 1996), which chronicles the enormous challenges encountered in transforming the post-Cold War Army through the lens of proven leadership principles and a commitment to shared values. He is the Chairman of the Board of Trustees of Norwich University and the Marshall Legacy Institute; and was formerly a director on the boards of Newell-Rubbermaid, Shell Corporation, Institute of Defense Analyses and General Dynamics.

General Sullivan is married to the former Gay Loftus of Quincy, Massachusetts; they currently reside in Alexandria, VA. He has three children and three grandchildren. He is an avid reader, amateur historian, and active sailor and sport fishing enthusiast.


Vice Admiral Denny McGinn is Chief Executive Officer at RemoteReality, a position he assumed in January, 2008, after five years with Battelle Memorial Institute, the world’s largest nonprofit independent research and development organization. While at Battelle, he was a corporate officer and led the energy, transportation and environment division. Additional assignments with Battelle included serving as vice president of strategic planning and national security business development, and as a director on the Board of Brookhaven National Laboratory.

Prior to joining Battelle, McGinn served 35 years with the U.S. Navy as a naval aviator, test pilot, aircraft carrier commanding officer, and national security strategist. His last assignment was Deputy Chief of Naval Operations for Warfare Requirements and Programs at the Pentagon where he led the development of the U.S. Navy’s future strategic capabilities. He also commanded the U.S. Third Fleet, which is responsible for some 50 million square miles of the eastern Pacific Ocean. As Third Fleet Commander, he was recognized for leading great advances in operational innovation, the rapid prototyping of sea-based information technology, and international naval force experimentation and coordination.

McGinn serves as a director on the board and strategic architect of the National Conference on Citizenship, as a senior policy advisor to the American Council on Renewable Energy, and a senior fellow for international security at the Rocky Mountain Institute. He is actively engaged in national forums to highlight the close link between energy and international security and the imperative for innovative government policies, focused investments and effective deployment of technology to create a high-quality, sustainable global environment.

McGinn has previously served as chairman of the U.S. Naval Institute Board of Directors, and served for three years as a commissioner on the National Commission on Disabled Veterans’ Benefits in Washington, D.C.

He received a Bachelor of Science degree in Naval Engineering from the U.S. Naval Academy, attended the national security program at the Kennedy School of Government, Harvard University, and was a Chief of Naval Operations strategic studies fellow at the U.S. Naval War College.


Admiral Steve Abbot is President and Chief Executive Officer of the Navy-Marine Corps Relief Society, a private, non-profit aid society dedicated to assisting Sailors, Marines, and their families. Until June, 2003, he was Acting Homeland Security Advisor to the President, having served as the Deputy Homeland Security Advisor under Governor Tom Ridge.

Abbot’s last military assignment was Deputy Commander in Chief, U.S. European Command, Stuttgart, Germany. He oversaw the daily activities of a Unified Command with an area of responsibility encompassing 89 countries and more than 13 million square miles.

Born in Pensacola, Florida, Abbot graduated from the United States Naval Academy in June 1966. His graduate work includes studies at Oxford University, as a Rhodes Scholar, and at Harvard University in its Program for Senior Officials in National Security. He also completed U.S. Air Force Test Pilot School and Naval Nuclear Power training.

In his 38-year career in the Navy, Abbot’s assignments included service as Commanding Officer of the USS Theodore Roosevelt (CVN 71) from February 1990 until August 1992 (a period that included Operation Desert Storm), service as the Theodore Roosevelt Battle Group Commander while assigned as Commander, Carrier Group Eight, and as Commander, Joint Task Force 120. He also served as Commander of the U.S. Sixth Fleet and Commander, Naval Striking and Support Forces, Southern Europe during which he was Joint Task Force Commander of Operation Silver Wake, the non-combatant evacuation of Albania.

Abbot and his wife, Marjorie, live in Arlington, Virginia. They have three sons, LCDR Spencer Abbot assigned to the Agency for International Development in Washington, DC, Sebastian Abbot with the Associated Press in Islamabad, Pakistan, and LCDR Matt Abbot on duty with the staff of Strike Group NINE in Everett, Washington.


Admiral Frank “Skip” Bowman is President of Strategic Decisions, LLC, in Maryland, serves on the board of directors of Morgan Stanley Mutual Funds, the National Security Advisory Council of the Center for U.S. Global Engagement and on the MIT Nuclear Engineering Visiting Committee. He is co-chair of a National Academies/Naval Studies Board investigating the Implications of Climate Change on Naval Forces, is an advisor to the Penn State Nuclear Engineering Department, and serves on the board of the Armed Services YMCA of the USA. He is also a member of the American Nuclear Society and serves on the BP, America External Advisory Committee.

Bowman served for more than 38 years in the U.S. Navy, rising to the rank of admiral. He was director of the Naval Nuclear Propulsion Program, the third successor to Adm. Hyman G. Rickover in that command, and was concurrently deputy administrator-Naval Reactors in the National Nuclear Security Administration at the U.S. Department of Energy. In these dual positions, he was responsible for the operations of 103 reactors aboard the Navy’s aircraft carriers and submarines, four training sites, and two Department of Energy laboratories. As a flag officer Bowman served on the Joint Staff as Director of Political-Military Affairs and as the Chief of Naval Personnel. At sea, he commanded the nuclear submarine USS City of Corpus Christi (SSN 705) and the submarine tender USS Holland (AS 32).

Following his Navy career, Bowman served as President and Chief Executive Officer of the Nuclear Energy Institute.

Bowman, a native of Chattanooga, is a 1966 graduate of Duke University. He earned a dual master’s in Nuclear Engineering and Naval Architecture/Marine Engineering at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology in 1973 and was elected to the Society of Sigma Xi. He is a member of the National Academy of Engineering and a recipient of the Robert S. Landauer Memorial Lecture Award for distinguished contributions to the field of Radiological Physics and Radiation Health Protection.

In 2003 Bowman was awarded an honorary Doctor of Humane Letters degree from Duke, and in 2006, was knighted by Britain's Ambassador to the U.S. as Honorary Knight Commander of the Most Excellent Order of the British Empire upon the appointment and approval of the Queen of England. He has also received the Officier de l’Ordre National du Mérite from the French Government.


Major General Russ Fuhrman is a Senior Vice President with Parsons Brinckerhoff (PB). He also serves as the Principle in Charge (PIC) of Potomac Crossing Consultants (PCC), a general engineering consultant providing support to the Federal Highway Administration, Maryland State Highway Administration and Virginia Department of Transportation in the construction of the Woodrow Wilson Bridge – a $2.5 billion program to rebuild four interchanges and a signature bridge across the Potomac River, south of Washington, D.C on 7.5 miles of the Capital Beltway (Interstate Route 95/495). Prior to his current role as Principle in Charge, Fuhrman spent over five years as Executive Project Manager for the construction phase of the Woodrow Wilson Bridge Program.

Potomac Crossing Consultants, a joint venture of Parsons Brinckerhoff and two other engineering consultants, provides program management services including planning, design and construction management, project controls, environmental and congestion management, and public and community affairs management.

Fuhrman joined PB in 2001 after a 32-year Army career of hands-on engineering and construction experience in the United States and abroad. He rose to the rank of Major General in the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers and retired in January 2001 as the Corps' Deputy Commanding General and Acting Chief of Engineers. His private sector career has also given him extensive experience in program, facilities, and construction management, including management of a complex, $90 million fast-track design-build program to construct 11 cable landing stations in North and South America.

Fuhrman graduated from the United States Military Academy in 1968 and received his master’s degree from Pennsylvania State University in 1974. He is a registered Professional Engineer in Virginia and a member of the National Academy of Construction.


Brigadier General Gerry Galloway is a Glenn L. Martin Institute Professor of Engineering and an affiliate professor of Public Policy at the University of Maryland, College Park. A civil engineer, public administrator and geographer, he has served as a water resources and flood mitigation consultant to a variety of national and international government and business organizations; is a member of the Louisiana Governor's Advisory Commission on Coastal Protection, Restoration and Conservation. He serves as co-chair of the experts group on policy for the U.N. World Water Assessment Program and as a consultant to The Nature Conservancy on its Yangtze River Program. He is also a member of the National Academy of Engineering, a fellow of the National Academy of Public Administration (NAPA) and a member of the Board of Trustees of the Natural Heritage Institute.

Galloway was a principal investigator for FEMA the 2006 study of the adequacy of the National Flood Insurance Program’s one percent flood standard and also chaired for FEMA an Interagency National Levee Policy Review Team. In 2006-2007, he led an expert panel examining flood challenges in California’s Central Valley. From 2007 to 2008 he was the Maas-White Scholar at the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers Institute for Water Resources. From 2007-2009, he was a member of a NAPA Panel examining for DOD joint land use issues. He was a Presidential appointee to the Mississippi River Commission from 1988 to 1995, and from 1994 to 1995, was assigned to the White House to lead a committee in assessing the causes of the 1993 Mississippi River Flood.

During a 38-year career in the military he served in various command and staff assignments in Germany, Southeast Asia and the United States, retiring in 1995 as a brigadier general. He is a graduate of the U.S. Military Academy and holds master’s degrees from Princeton and Pennsylvania State Universities and the U.S. Army Command and General Staff College, and a doctorate in Geography from the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.

Galloway is an Honorary Diplomate of the American Academy of Water Resources Engineering, a Distinguished Member and Fellow of the American Society of Civil Engineers, a Fellow of the Society of American Military Engineers, and a member of Association of American Geographers. In 2007 he served as president of the American Water Resources Association. He has served on eight committees of the National Research Council and is a member of its Water Science and Technology Board and its Disasters Roundtable.


Vice Admiral Lee Gunn is President of CNA’s Institute for Public Research, which provides high-level research and analysis services to federal, state, and local government agencies, and non-commercial clients working in the areas of education, health research and policy, organizational learning and effectiveness, air traffic management, safety and security, and other domestic issues.

Gunn is also President of the American Security Project, Chair of the Board of Advisors of the Naval Postgraduate School, and an Advisor to the Global Perspectives Initiative at the University of Central Florida. From 2001-2006 Gunn was President of the Surface Navy Association and continues to serve as a member of its Executive Board.

Gunn served for 35 years in U.S. Navy. His last active duty assignment was Inspector General of the Department of the Navy where, with his Marine deputy, he was responsible for the Department’s overall inspection program and its assessments of readiness, training, and quality of service.

Serving in the Surface Navy in a variety of theaters, Gunn rose through the cruiser/destroyer force to command the Frigate USS Barbey, then commanded the Navy’s anti-submarine warfare tactical and technical evaluation Destroyer squadron, DESRON 31. He later commanded Amphibious Group Three, comprised of 19 ships, 12 other, separate commands, and 16,000 Sailors and Marines.

As Commander of PHIBGRU THREE he served as the Combined Naval Forces Commander, and Deputy Task Force Commander of Combined Task Force United Shield which conducted the withdrawal of U.N. peacekeeping forces from Somalia in 1995 – the only amphibious withdrawal operation under fire conducted since the Korean War. He has received the Distinguished Service Medal, the Defense Superior Service Medal, six Legions of Merit, two Meritorious Service Medals, the Navy Commendation Medal (with Combat Distinguishing Device), the Navy Achievement Medal, the Combat Action Ribbon, and numerous theater and service awards.

Following his active-duty career, Gunn was tasked by the Chief of Naval Operations to lead an Executive Review of Navy Training – a nine-month examination by experts from the uniformed Navy, the Department of the Navy’s civilian corps, and the business and education communities, which yielded recommendations that continue to be implemented and are revolutionizing training and learning for Navy men and women.

Gunn holds a bachelor’s degree in Experimental and Physiological Psychology from the University of California, Los Angeles and a Master of Science degree in Operations Research from the Naval Postgraduate School in Monterey, California.


General Paul J. Kern is a Senior Counselor at The Cohen Group, which provides global business consulting services and advice on tactical and strategic opportunities in markets around the world. He holds the Class of 1950 Chair for Advanced Technologies at the United States Military Academy and is a member of the National Academy of Engineering.

Kern was Commanding General, Army Materiel Command from 2001-2004, and Senior Advisor for Army Research, Development, and Acquisition from 1997-2001. He was commissioned as an Armor Lieutenant following graduation from West Point in 1967 and served three combat tours – two in Vietnam as a platoon leader and troop commander, and the third in Desert Shield/Desert Storm as Commander of the Second Brigade of the 24th Infantry which played a pivotal role in the historic attack on the Jalibah Airfield, allowing the 24th Infantry Division to secure objectives deep inside of Iraq. He was also the division’s Assistant Division Commander after its redeployment to Ft. Stewart.

In the 1990s, Kern served as Senior Military Assistant to Secretary of Defense William Perry, accompanying the Secretary to more than 70 countries, meeting numerous heads of state, foreign ministers and international defense leaders. He participated in U.S. operations in Haiti, Rwanda, Zaire and the Balkans, and helped promote military relations in Central and Eastern Europe, South America, China, and the Middle East. In June 2004, at the request of Secretary of Defense Donald Rumsfeld, Kern led the military's internal investigation into the abuses at the Abu Ghraib prison in Iraq.

Kern received the Defense and Army Distinguished Service Medals, Silver Star, Defense Superior Service Medal, Legion of Merit, two Bronze Star Medals for valor, three Bronze Star Medals for service in combat, and three Purple Hearts. He has been awarded the Society of Automotive Engineers Teeter Award, the Alumni Society Medal from the University of Michigan, and the German Cross of Honor of the Federal Armed Forces (Gold).

He holds master’s degrees in both Civil and Mechanical Engineering from the University of Michigan, and he was a Senior Security Fellow at the John F. Kennedy School at Harvard University.


A member of CNA’s Military Advisory Board, General Ron Keys is founder of RK Solution Enterprises, an independent consulting firm, providing clients with guidance on advanced technologies, marketing, strategic planning, and policy development. He is a senior advisor to the Bipartisan Policy Center on policy initiatives related to national energy, transportation, and security issues, as well as those related to fragile states, and Iran policy. He is the BPC advisor to the Hamilton-Kean 9/11 Commission National Security Preparedness Group, leads the BPC National Security Speaker Series, and is technical advisor to the BPC’s Cyber Shockwave Security simulation project.

He is also a member of the Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University Board of Directors; a Senior Mentor to STRATCOM cyber exercises, experiments, and space command-and-control projects, and advises the U.S. Air Force on energy security, unmanned aerial systems, irregular warfare, cyber organizational strategies, and rated management issues.

Keys retired from the Air Force in November 2007 after completing a career of more than forty years. His last assignment was as Commander of the Air Force’s largest command -- Air Combat Command, comprised of 1,200 aircraft, 27 wings, 17 bases and 105,000 personnel in 200 operating locations worldwide. Under his leadership, ACC organized and stood up the Air Force’s first Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV) Wing and first Network Warfare Wing.

He has received two Defense Distinguished Service Medals, two Distinguished Service Medals, two Legions of Merit, two Distinguished Flying Crosses, and seventeen Air Medals. He was the 2007 recipient of the H. H. Arnold Award – the Air Force Association's most prestigious annual award, honoring the military member who had made the most significant contribution to national defense – and upon his retirement was selected as the first recipient of the Air Force Reserve Officer Corps’ AFROTC Distinguished Alumni Award.

He has participated in the National and International Security Seminars; Harvard University’s John F. Kennedy School of Government; and the Center for Creative Leadership’s Leadership at the Peak program in Colorado Springs, Colorado.

Keys holds a Bachelor of Science degree from Kansas State University and a master’s degree in Business Administration from Golden Gate University.


Admiral Joe Lopez is president of Information Manufacturing Corporation (IMC), an information technology service integrator with major offices in Fairfax, Virginia.

Lopez’s assignments included both Commander in Chief of U.S. Naval Forces, Europe and Commander in Chief Allied Forces, Southern Europe (1996-1998). In 1996 he commanded all U.S. and Allied Bosnia Peace Forces from his headquarters in Sarajevo. He served as the Senior Military Assistant to the Secretary of Defense in 1990-1992 and commanded the United State Navy Sixth Fleet in 1992-1993.

Lopez is one of only two flag officers in the history of the U.S. Navy to have achieved four-star rank after direct commission from enlisted service, and is the recipient of two Defense Distinguished Service Medals, two Navy Distinguished Service Medals, three Legion of Merits, the Bronze Star (Combat V), three Navy Commendation Medals (Combat V) and the Combat Action Ribbon.

Following his retirement from the Navy, Lopez joined Brown & Root Services (BRS) and became Chief Operating Officer, directing all government activities worldwide from offices in Washington, D.C., London, U.K. and Canberra, Australia. He is a member of CNA’s Board of Trustees, and a member of the Boards of the U. S. Naval Postgraduate School, the National Defense University, the National Youth Science Foundation, and the Armed Forces Benefit Association.

He holds a Bachelor of Arts (Cum Laude) in International Relations, a Master of Science in Management and an Honorary Doctorate Degree in Humanities from West Virginia Institute of Technology, and an Honorary Degree in Information Technology from Potomac State College of West Virginia University.


General Robert Magnus retired from military service in 2008. His last assignment was as Assistant Commandant of the Marine Corps (September 2005 - 2 July 2008).

Magnus’ operational assignments include: Intelligence Officer, HMM-264; Operations Officer, H&MS-15 SAR Detachment, Task Force Delta, Nam Phong, Thailand; Training Officer, SOES, MCAS Quantico; Aviation Safety Officer, MAG-26 and HMM-263; Weapons and Tactics Instructor, MAG-26 and HMM-261; Operations Officer, MAG-29; Commanding Officer, HMM-365; Commander, Marine Corps Air Bases Western Area; and Deputy Commander, Marine Forces Pacific.

His staff assignments include: Aviation Assault Medium Lift Requirements Officer; Chief, Logistics Readiness Center, Joint Staff; Executive Assistant to the Director of the Joint Staff; Head, Aviation Plans and Programs Branch; Assistant Deputy Chief of Staff for Aviation; Assistant Deputy Commandant for Plans, Policies, and Operations; and Deputy Commandant for Programs and Resources.

Magnus is a graduate of the University of Virginia (1969) and Strayer College (1993). His formal military education includes Naval Aviator Training, U.S. Marine Corps Command and Staff College, and the National War College.


Admiral John Nathman is a member of CNA’s Military Advisory Board. He retired from the United States Navy in May 2007. Prior to his retirement, he served as the nation’s 33rd Vice Chief of Naval Operations and, from February 2005 until his retirement in 2007, commanded all U.S. Fleet Forces.

Nathman has served in a variety of sea, shore and joint assignments and has flown more than 40 types of aircraft. As a carrier pilot, he flew the F-4 Phantom with VF-213 and the F-14 Tomcat with VF-51. He commanded VFA-132 flying from the USS Coral Sea, leading his squadron in the first F/A-18 combat sorties against Libya in 1986. In 1987 he reported to the USS Nimitz (CVN 68) as Executive Officer and subsequently assumed command of USS La Salle (AGF 3), the flagship for Commander, Middle East Force, during Operations Desert Shield and Desert Storm. He returned to the Nimitz as her Commanding Officer from 1992-1994.

After his selection to Flag rank in 1994, Nathman served on the NATO staff of Commander, Allied Forces Southern Europe and as Director of Logistics for Commander, NATO Implementation Force during its deployment to Bosnia. He commanded the Nimitz Carrier Strike Group and Battle Force FIFTY in the Persian Gulf, and subsequently served as Director, Air Warfare in the Pentagon. In August 2000 he was promoted to Vice Admiral and commanded Naval Air Force, U.S. Pacific Fleet and was later designated the first Commander, Naval Air Forces.

Nathman’s awards included four Distinguished Service Medals, four Legions of Merit, the Defense Superior Service Medal, Bronze Star with Combat V, Defense Meritorious Service Medal, three Meritorious Service Medals, and two Navy Commendation Medals with Combat V, in addition to numerous campaign and unit awards.

Nathman graduated with distinction from the United States Naval Academy in 1970. In 1972 he received the Naval Training Command's Outstanding Pilot Graduate Award while earning a Master of Science degree in Aerospace Engineering. In 1976, he graduated with distinction from the U.S. Air Force Test Pilot School at Edwards Air Force Base, after which he served as an instructor pilot at TOPGUN and oversaw the advanced tactical training of naval aviators. From 1982-1984, Nathman was the senior naval test pilot flying all MiG aircraft with the 4477 Test and Evaluation Squadron at Nellis Air Force Base.


Vice Admiral Roger Rufe is a 34-year veteran of the United States Coast Guard and currently serves as President of the National War College Alumni Association Board of Directors.

During his career with the USCG, Rufe served as captain of five Coast Guard cutters and, as a flag officer, held the Pacific and Atlantic Area commands, as well as commands with responsibility for Coast Guard operations in Alaska and the Southeast U.S. and the Caribbean. He was vice chairman of the National Response Team, chief of the Coast Guard Congressional Affairs Office, representative to the North Pacific and Mid-Atlantic Fisheries Management Councils, and delegate to Marine Environment Protection Committee of the International Maritime Organization.

After retirement from the Coast Guard, he served for seven years as President and CEO of The Ocean Conservancy, a national non-profit environmental advocacy organization that promotes science based ocean conservation and protection of marine wildlife. While at The Ocean Conservancy, he held leadership positions on several non-profit Boards and commissions involved in ocean policy.

In July 2009, Rufe completed a three year Secretarial term appointment as the Director of the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) Office of Operations Coordination and Planning. As Director, Rufe was responsible for integrating operations across the Department’s component agencies as well as coordinating with state, local, tribal, and other Federal departments who have a role in preventing, preparing for and responding to acts of terrorism, natural disasters and other emergencies. He was also responsible for interagency disaster and emergency management planning.
Rufe is a graduate of the U.S. Coast Guard Academy, holds a master’s degree in Public Administration from New York University and is a graduate of the National War College and the Naval War College.


Lieutenant General Clyde Vaughn retired as the Director of the Army National Guard in July 2009 after nearly 40 years of service to the Guard and the U.S. Army.

As Director of the Army National Guard – a force of over 350,000 Soldiers in the 54 states, territories, and the District of Columbia – Vaughn guided the formulation, development and implementation of all programs and policies affecting the Guard. He built an innovative and highly successful recruiting program; undertook the changes necessary to raise ARNG readiness levels to all time highs; enabled the ARNG to meet all wartime and deployment requirements, deploying over 300,000 soldiers; guided the deployment of ARNG soldiers to Katrina/Rita and the Southwest Border; and developed several innovative programs such as the Afghanistan Agriculture Development Teams.

Vaughn was commissioned through the Missouri National Guard Officer Candidate School program in 1974 and served in a wide variety of command and staff positions as a traditional Guardsman and on active duty. He also served extensively in Central and South America on several deployed Task Forces.

His general officer assignments were as Deputy Director of Operations, Readiness, and Mobilization & Deputy Director of Military Support under the G3 of the U.S. Army; Deputy Director of the Army National Guard; Assistant to the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff for National Guard Matters; and Director of the Army National Guard from June 2005-July 2009.

Vaughn has received the Army Distinguished Service Medal with Oak Leaf Cluster, the Defense Superior Service Medal, and the Legion of Merit with four Bronze Oak Leaf Clusters.

He holds a Bachelor of Science degree from Southeast Missouri State College and a MPA from Shippensburg University. His professional military education includes the United States Army Command and General Staff College, and the United States Army War College.


General Chuck Wald is a director and senior advisor to the Aerospace & Defense Industries for Deloitte LLP. He is a specialist in weapons procurement and deployment, counter terrorism, and national energy and international security policy. At Deloitte he is responsible for providing senior leadership in strategy and relationships with defense contractors and Department of Defense (DOD) program executives. Prior to joining Deloitte, Wald was the Vice President, International Programs for L-3 Communications Corp., based in Washington, DC.

From 2001 to 2002 Wald was deputy chief of staff for Air and Space Operations at the Pentagon, and from December 2002 until his retirement in 2006 was deputy commander, Headquarters U.S. European Command, Stuttgart, Germany. USEUCOM is responsible for all U.S. forces operating across 91 countries in Europe, Africa, Russia, parts of Asia and the Middle East, and most of the Atlantic Ocean.

Wald commanded the 31st Fighter Wing at Aviano Air Base, Italy, where on Aug. 30, 1995, in one of NATO’s first combat operations, he led one of the wing's initial strikes against the ammunition depot at Pale, Bosnia-Herzegovina. He also commanded the Ninth Air Force and U.S. Central Command Air Forces, Shaw Air Force Base, South Carolina, where he led the development of the Afghanistan air campaign for Operation Enduring Freedom, including the idea of embedding tactical air control parties in ground special operations forces.

He has combat time as an O-2A forward air controller in Vietnam and as an F-16 pilot flying over Bosnia. The general has served as a T-37 instructor pilot and F-15 flight commander. Other of his duties have included chief of the U.S. Air Force Combat Terrorism Center, support group commander, operations group commander, and special assistant to the Chief of Staff for National Defense Review. He was also the director of strategic planning and policy at Headquarters U.S. Air Force, and served on the Joint Staff as the vice director for strategic plans and policy.

Wald is a command pilot with more than 3,600 flying hours, including more than 430 combat hours over Vietnam, Cambodia, Laos, Iraq, and Bosnia. He earned his commission through the Air Force ROTC program in 1971.

He holds a Bachelor of Arts degree from North Dakota State University and a1982 Master of Political Science degree in International Relations from Troy State University. His professional military education includes Squadron Officer School and Air Command and Staff College, Maxwell AFB, Alabama; National War College, Ft. Lesley J. McNair, Washington, D.C.; and the Program for Senior Officials in National Security, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA.


Sherri Goodman is senior vice president, general counsel and corporate secretary of CNA and serves as Executive Director of CNA’s Military Advisory Board. Goodman is an internationally recognized authority on energy, climate change and national security, having led the projects by CNA’s Military Advisory Board on National Security and the Threat of Climate Change (2007) and Powering America’s Defense: Energy & the Risks to National Security.

From 1993-2001 Goodman was Deputy Undersecretary of Defense (Environmental Security), serving as the chief environmental, safety, and occupational health officer for the Department of Defense. In this position she was responsible for over $5 billion in annual defense spending including programs on energy efficiency and climate change, cleanup at active and closing bases, compliance with environmental laws, environmental cooperation with foreign militaries, and conservation of natural and cultural resources.

As an attorney, Goodman practiced law at Goodwin Procter and served on the staff of the Senate Armed Services Committee, and has also worked at RAND and SAIC.

Goodman serves on the boards of the Atlantic Council of the US, Blue Star Families, the National Academy of Sciences' Energy & Environmental Systems Board, the Marshall Legacy Institute, and the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution. She is also a member of the Council on Foreign Relations and serves on the Board of its Center for Preventive Action.

Goodman has testified before numerous committees of the U.S. Senate and House of Representatives on climate change, energy security, national security and environmental security. Additionally, she has appeared with the major news media, including NPR, CNN, ABC, NBC, BBC, and many others. Goodman has published articles on energy, climate change, environmental security, and nuclear weapons and waste cleanup in a wide variety of publications. She is the author of The Neutron Bomb Controversy: A Study in Alliance Politics. New York: Praeger, 1983.

Goodman received a J.D. cum laude from the Harvard Law School and a master’s degree in Public Policy from Harvard's John F. Kennedy School of Government. She received her Bachelor of Arts summa cum laude from Amherst College.